SGML/XML Applications in Cross-Domain and Multi-Disciplinary Enterprises
This document provides brief description of and pointers to general industry applications that use SGML/XML encoding for structured information processing and data interchange. Specific XML applications and XML vocabularies are listed in the main XML Page, while XML/XLL/XSL software tools are listed in the software section. Academic applications of SGML and XML are described in the document "Academic Applications".
- HyTime: ISO 10744 Hypermedia/Time-based Structuring Language
- SMDL - Standard Music Description Language, ISO/IEC DIS 10743:1995
- SGML Initiative in Health Care (HL7 Health Level-7 and SGML/XML)
- National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)
- SPIDER - Structured Platform-Independent Data Entry and Reporting
- Metafile for Interactive Documents (MID)
- Standard Hypermedia/Multimedia Scripting Language (SMSL)
- Digital Libraries (Initiative) and SGML
- SGML and Metadata
- Hyper-G Text Format (HTF)
- Association of American Publishers (AAP)
- ISO 12083 DTDs
- IBMIDDoc: IBM Information Development document type
- IEEE Computer Society Digital Library
- IEEE Standards Department
- Davenport Group: DocBook DTD
- ICADD: International Committee on Accessible Document Design
- CAPS (Communication and Access to Information for Persons with Special Needs) and HARMONY (Horizontal Action for the Harmonisation of Accessible Structured Documents)
- ELVIS - Elektronisches Literaturverzeichnis - Informatik für Sehgeschädigte
- NITF (News Industry Text Format) [Formerly UTF - Universal Text Format] - SGML for the News Distribution Industry
- Canadian Strategic Software Consortium (CSSC): SGML and SQL
- Bilingual Canadian Dictionary Project
- Electronic PROTEIN SCIENCE
- MIME-SGML (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)
- SSSH - Simplified SGML for Serial Headers
- OCLC SGML Projects
- OCLC Fred: SGML Grammar Builder Project (DTD and document grammar) tool
- SGML and Chemistry: The OCLC CORE Project (Chemistry Online Retrieval Experiment) and other Initiatives
- Chemical Markup Language (CML)
- SGML and Chemistry - Other Links
- SGML and Physics: The American Physical Society, American Astronomical Society, and The American Institute of Physics
- American Physical Society
- American Astronomical Society
- American Institute of Physics and OCLC
- SGML and Physics: General
- GMD-IPSI SGML Projects
- Multiagency Electronic [Pharmaceutical] Regulatory Submission (MERS) Project
- docs.sun AnswerBook Documentation - Sun Microsystems
- The Data Documentation Initiative
- Joint Electronic Document Interchange (JEDI)
- Earth Interactions: An Electronic Journal in SGML
- Topic Navigation Maps
- Information Mapping and SGML
- Channel Definition Format, CDF (Based on XML)
- Open Financial Exchange (Based on XML/SGML)
- Meta Content Framework (MCF) - An XML Application
- The Corpus Legis Project
- Centre de recherche en droit public (CRDP)
- Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) - SIM SGML Database Technology
- EUROMATH Project
- Mathematical Markup Language (XML)
- SSML: A Speech Synthesis Markup Language
- Electronic Data Interchange for Documents (EDIDOC)
- OpenTag Initiative
- SELA Journals Project (Scholars Press - Emory Library Linked Academy)
- Common Desktop Environment (CDE) Help System
- GNUstep Documentation Markup Language (GDML)
[CR: 19980318] [Table of Contents]
[March 18, 1998] Note: Information on HyTime is now being maintained in a separate document, http://xml.coverpages.org/hytime.html. The content below will be retained for some time(so as not to break bookmarks), but it will not be maintained for currency/update.
August 29 , 1997. Red letter day: public availability of HyTime Second Edition : Hypermedia/Time-based Structuring Language (HyTime) - 2d Edition, from the WG8 WWW server, as ISO/IE JTC1/SC18/WG8 N1920 (1997-08-01). The index of materials for 'ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 18 WG8 N1920rev' and the Table of Contents provide convenient entry points for the online ISO standard.
This electronic 'review' version of the new ISO/IEC 10744:1997 is available online in HTML, PDF, and SGML format -- complete with SoftQuad Panorama [ViewPort] stylesheet. Our congratulations and deepest gratitude to Eliot Kimber and many others for their hard-earned accomplishments in reaching this important milestone. Note [September 05, 1997] the fuller statement of credits to the editors of the standard elaborated in the announcement from Jim Mason, Convenor of WG8.
Of special importance is the standard's Annex A, SGML Extended Facilities -- a normative annex which defines the SGML Extended Facilities, many of which are prerequisites for the other clauses. This annex specifies the "Architectural Form Definition Requirements (AFDR)" which provide a "general mechanism for declaring and using SGML architectures," already implemented in part by James Clark in the SP parser materials. The updated SGML property set also defined in Annex A is of broad relevance to SGML implementors, since "HyTime shares with the DSSSL standard (ISO/IEC 10179:1996, Document Style Semantics and Specification Language) the fundamental SGML property set and grove abstraction for representing and operating on parsed SGML documents (and other data objects for which groves can be constructed)."
Access to the new HyTime standard will be facilitated by the collection of tutorial materials on the HyTime User's Group Home Page. See especially "A Reader's Guide to the HyTime Standard" and "What's New and Cool in HyTime Second Edition."
- HyTime User's Group Home Page
- The full bibliographic reference for the HyTime Standard (1992)
- HyTime: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions, from TechnoTeacher, Inc.
- What is HyTime About? (Lloyd Rutledge)
- CWI HyTime Bookmarks. Links on the HyTime Standard maintained by Lloyd Rutledge
- HyTime briefly explained - with reference to SGML, by W. Eliot Kimber (January 1997)
- [February 03, 1998] See the announcement from Eliot Kimber (ISOGEN International Corporation) for an updated review draft of his forthcoming book Practical Hypermedia: An Introduction to HyTime. The draft incorporates 1) a "new and improved HTML version with useful navigation aids, working cross references, and hyperlinks to the standard itself; 2) an update of the first five chapters to reflect the final text of ISO/IEC 10744:1997, through Hyperlinking; 3) an updated summary of changes for HyTime Second edition (Appendix B in the volume), which you can also find at http://www.hytime.org/papers/hytime-2ed-soc.html." [adapted] HyTime users will recognize the significance of this important reference work, and the value of the online draft version, for which the author now solicits critical review and feedback.
- [December 13, 1997] At the WG4 meeting in Alexandria, Virginia (December 1997), WG4 N1957 was accepted as the proposed text of an amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997 (HyTime). As a subclause to Annex A.3 ("A.3.4.4 Architecture Use Declaration Processing Instruction"), the proposed architecture use declaration (arch) processing instruction would provide "an alternative form of architecture use declaration for use in environments where notations or data attributes are not supported." The amendment was sponsored by Charles F. Goldfarb, Steven R. Newcomb, W. Eliot Kimber, and Peter Newcomb. See the related posting by Eliot Kimber "Architectures, Schemas, and XML: Proposed Amendment to ISO/IEC 10744:1997," with followup by David Megginson; see also Eliot's note of 1998-01-13. [N1957, local archive copy]
- Formal Syntax from HyTime. Hyperlinked version, prepared by Chris Maden. (See also Maden's Productions from ISO 8879:1986 - SGML)
- Online Conference Proceedings from The 3rd GCA International HyTime Conference, August 20 and 21, 1996 [see the main conference entry, gratis Michel Biezunski (October 3, 1996)
- Collection of links for Architectural Forms and SGML Architectures
- Technical Corrigendum 1 to ISO/IEC 10744 [by Charles F. Goldfarb], Draft for ballot: March 27, 1995. The relevant documents are available from the SGML Repository or via this server as three text files:
- TECHNICAL CORRIGENDUM 1 TO ISO/IEC 10744 Draft for ballot: March 27, 1995. (httc1.txt, 24K)
- Annex C. Enabling Architecture Definition Requirements (EADR): "This annex states the requirements for the formal definition of the architectural forms by which an enabling document architecture governs the SGML representation of its documents.(hi1anarc.txt, 46K)
- Annex D. Formal System Identifiers: "This annex states the requirements for the formal definition of notations used in system identifiers to specify access to the storage objects in which entities are stored. Access is provided by "storage managers" such as file systems, databases, and main memory managers..." ( hi1anfsi.txt, 22K)
- Materials related to the development of Technical Corrigendum 1 on ISO/IEC 10744, HyTime. (WG8 FTP Server)
- The HyTime Technical Corrigendum (Goldfarb Notes, Part 1)
- The HyTime Technical Corrigendum (Goldfarb Notes, Part 2)
- Document by David Durand and Steven DeRose, Concerns about HyTime TC 1.0. June 8, 1995 version. See the bibliographic entry or the [July 1995] source. Or: (June 1996): [mirror copy].
- A Thought About AF [Architectural Form] "Definitions", by David G. Durand, June 1995 [mirror copy]
- SGML Architectures: Implications and Opportunities for Industry, by Steven R. Newcomb, President, TechnoTeacher, Inc. [mirror copy]
- "Quick Guide to HyTime Basics": Peter Bergström, EuroSTEP AB, Hasse Haitto, Synex Information AB, Erik Helander, Saab Service Partner AB, Anna Ran, Saab Service Partner AB, and Per-Åke Ling, Ericsson Utvecklings AB on behalf of the HyTime Working Group of the Swedish SGML User's Group. (C) 1996 by the authors and the Swedish SGML User's Group. [mirror copy, May 1996; text only, PostScript]
- See HyTime materials in the SGML Repository
- "I've Got an SGML Database - Why do I need HyTime?", by Carla Corkern and John Rice; [mirror copy, partial links only]
- [June 28, 1997] HyTime for ADEPT: Hy-Lib.cmd. From Eliot Kimber. "Hy-Lib.cmd is an ADEPT Command Language package that provides rudimentary HyTime functions that can be used with any HyTime document (within the bounds of Hy-Lib's HyTime system declaration). The specific functions provided include: (1) Support for ID-based indirect addressing (nameloc and nmsploc); (2) Support for multiple levels of indirection ("location paths"); (3) General facilities for recognizing HyTime architectural forms; (4) Simple user interface for traversing hyperlinks. See also the announcement from April 1997.
- BeLux HyTime seminar, February 28, 1996, with other pointers
- "An Object-Oriented Multimedia Database for a News-On-Demand Application", based upon SGML/HyTime (Technical Report by Chiradeep Vittal)
- HyTime lecture, by Arjan Loeffen; [mirror copy]
- Collection of HyTime materials via the TechnoTeacher FTP server, ftp://ftp.techno.com/pub/HyTime
- HyTime FAQ (by Steven R. Newcomb), from the TechnoTeacher FTP server, or in mirror copy [July 18, 1995] here.
- Publicly available HyTime Application Development Guide, by Ralph Ferris and Victoria Newcomb. This Guide is a book-length document. See the full bibliographic entry and the announcement by the author. The document is available on the Internet via anonymous FTP.
- Version 1.2.5 of the "HyTime Application Development Guide" in HTML markup. See the announcement by Derek Denny-Brown (May 1996). See also a sibling directory with the SGML version, for use with Panorama)
- Catalog of HyTime Architectural Forms and HyTime SGML Specification Version 2.0, by Charles Goldfarb. See the bibliographic entry for fullest references, or the text version (1993).
- HyTime architectural forms in tree form (Postscript), from Arjan Loeffen
- OII: Standards for Multimedia/Hypermedia Interchange
- See materials at Exeter
- Information on TechnoTeacher's MarkMinder/HyMinder (Hytime Engine) [December 4, 194]
- Stupid PATHLOC tricks, by Joe English, Tue Oct 24 12:57:05 PDT 1995
- HyTest Perl script (from Eliot Kimber, April 1996): "HyTest is a Perl script that implements a good bit of HyTime location addressing. It works on the output of NSGMLS..."
- Update of hytest.pl [see preceding item] to hy-lib.pl Perl Library - a library of HyTime functions (December 27, 1996)
- FTP: /pub/sgml/WG8/HyTime/TC
- UNOFFICIAL COMPILATION of the Formal Specifications from Annex A (mirror copy, August 1995)
- SIGhyper(IFI): Special Interest Group on Hypertext and Multimedia. See SGML Repository
- CApH: Committee for the Application of HyTime. See SGML Repository or contact TechnoTeacher, Inc. (email: firstname.lastname@example.org). Or link to: TechnoTeacher, ftp://ftp.techno.com/pub/CApH.
- DMSL (Distributed Multimedia Systems Lab), University of Massachusetts Lowell - documents relating to HyTime, including the HyOctane (tm) HyTime engine
- Description of HyTime Archtectural Forms, from HaL Software (or in mirror copy [April 14, 1995] here)
- See also: (1) the book by Steve DeRose and David Durand, (2) the book by Eliot Kimber, and (3) the CACM article by Steve Newcomb.
[CR: 20031104] [Table of Contents]
SMDL is organized by Working Group 3 of ISO/IEC JTC1/SC34 (Information Association). "The Standard Music Description Language (SMDL), an application of the HyTime Hypermedia/Time-based document structuring facilities, is described. The discussion covers the domains of information that SMDL associates with any piece of music, the timing of cantus events, pitch in cantus events, gamut-based pitches, just-intoned pitches, user-defined functions for pitches, chords and chord symbols, instrumental and vocal sounds, and non-western music." [from Steven R. Newcomb]
- Final version of SMDL adopted by ISO in 1996 "has not yet been published" [Steven R. Newcomb, November 08, 1996]
- Recommendations of December 2002 Meeting of ISO/IEC JTC1/SC34/WG3 in Baltimore. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC34 N372. 12-December-2002. "DIS 10743 SMDL: WG3 accepts N375 as an incomplete final text of SMDL that conforms to 10744:1997 and asks National Bodies to solicit resources for the work necessary to complete the text..." See also
- 1998: ISO/IEC JTC1/WG4 Convenor's Report 4 - ISO/IEC JTC1/WG4 Convenor's Report - 'ISO/IEC DIS 10743: Standard Music Description Language (SMDL): balloted as DIS, disposition of comments and final text being prepared (was delayed for republication of HyTime).'
- A descriptive article on SMDL by Steven R. Newcomb
- Links to CTS articles, provided by Arjan Loeffen
- DIS draft dated July, 1995. A PostScript version is available from the WG8 FTP server: , or ftp://ftp.ornl.gov/pub/sgml/WG8/SMDL/10743.ps (257383 bytes) [mirror copy].
- DIS draft dated July, 1995. A PDF version is also available from the WG8 FTP server: ftp://ftp.ornl.gov/pub/sgml/WG8/SMDL/10743.pdf (245653 bytes) [mirror copy]
- Normes de description des partitions musicales from Nabil Bouzaiene; [local archive copy].
- The bibliographic entry for the ISO standard
- Overview taken from the DIS
- See also: XML and Music
Extracted from the [July 1995] DIS: "This International Standard defines an architecture for the representation of music information, either alone or in conjunction with text, graphics, or other information needed for publishing or business purposes. Multimedia time sequencing information is also supported. The architecture is known as the "Standard Music Description Language", or "SMDL". // SMDL is a "HyTime" application; it conforms to International Standard ISO/IEC 10744 - Hypermedia / Time-based Structuring Language ("HyTime"). Specifically, SMDL is a "derived architecture" derived from HyTime architecture, and SMDL is expressed in this International Standard in a manner which conforms to HyTime's specifications for the expression of architectures (also known as "meta-DTDs") and derived architectures. // SMDL is an SGML application conforming to International Standard ISO 8879 - Standard Generalized Markup Language." [See the Overview cited above]
[CR: 20000620] [Table of Contents]
"HL7 was founded in 1987 to develop standards for the electronic interchange of clinical, financial and administrative information among independent health care oriented computer systems; e.g., hospital information systems, clinical laboratory systems, enterprise systems and pharmacy systems." In August 1996, the HL7 Technical Steering Committee authorized the creation of an SGML SIG as part of a larger initiative to integrate SGML into medical informatics standards. "HCML" is a proposed abbreviation for the evolving markup language: "Health Care Markup Language."
"The HL7-SGML Initiative is a special interest group of HL7 formed to create the standard for the use of SGML in all domains of health care. This standard will comply with ISO 8879 (SGML) and SGML-related standards and complement other appropriate standards. Participation is open to all parties. Our Mission statement will guide the primary objectives: (1) To create and coordinate the development of a comprehensive document architecture for health care; (2) To educate the healthcare community in the utility of SGML-based information; (3) To develop, coordinate, and maintain a framework for interoperable Document Type Definitions (DTDs) for use in health care; (4) To coordinate and cooperate with other SGML initiatives outside of healthcare where appropriate; (5) To enable and promote the use of these standards and to make the standard as widely available as possible; (6) To represent healthcare in SGML standards activities/evolution; (7) To promote longevity of all information encoded according to these guidelines." [from the main page, Mission Statement and Charter]
"Those presenting at SGML '96 made it clear that while planning for the design of the initiative is in the early stages, their vision for this initiative already differs substantially from earlier industry initiatives. The HL7/SGML initiative must design an information architecture that will make the EMR work within the heterogeneous computing environment of a healthcare enterprise and must make the information available to a wide range of applications from billing to epidemiology and decision support. They feel that it is a significant advantage to begin this initiative after the publication of the HyTime, DSSSL, and preliminary XML standards." [L.Alschuler post]
- HL7 SGML/XML Special Interest Group
- Health Level 7 main page, from Duke
- "Synopsis of the SGML Initiative in Healthcare", by Dan Essin, Director of Medical Informatics at LA County Hospital and the University of Southern California Medical Center
- [July 19, 1997] Announcement from Liora Alschuler for the posting of a proposal ('Kona Proposal') that has been submitted to the HL7 SGML SIG on the development of an SGML-based standard for exchange of healthcare information. Readers interested in this and related work are invited to join the discussion on the role of SGML in healthcare, via the HL7 SGML Listserver forum.
- [March 16, 1998] Communique from Liora Alschuler (The Word Electric, and Chair of Kona Editorial Group) for a special meeting of the HL7 SGML/XML SIG on Monday, May 18, 1998, at the upcoming SGML/XML Europe conference. "The Monday program will include reports on the use of SGML/XML within the British National Health Service, CEN TC251, HL7, DICOM, HANSA, and other standards and commercial applications.
- The Kona Proposal ; [archive copy]
- See also: DocScope: Open Source XML Healthcare Project
- See also: ASTM XML Document Type Definitions (DTDs) for Health Care
- [August 25, 1997] Article by Lynda Radosevich on the use of XML in medical informatics: "Health Care Uses XML for Records." Published in InfoWorld Electric, August 25, 1997. See the bibliographic entry in the main database.
- "Announcement of New Initiative for Use of SGML in Medicine", information from Liora Alschuler (December 04, 1996)
- [June 26, 1997] Announcement from Liora Alschuler for a new industry-wide initiative to design an SGML/XML implementation for medical information. The project is called "Operation Jumpstart." "Operation Jumpstart refers to a privately-funded effort of medical practitioners, informatics specialists, medical technology vendors, and HL7 and SGML consultants who will meet July 7-11 to create an initial draft of an SGML standard architecture for healthcare. . .[its mission is] to develop a simple, focused reference architecture useful in both exchange systems and persistent storage. This architecture, along with reference code and examples, will be released into the public domain under copyright control of the HL7 SGML SIG."
- Medical Informatics Standards
- "HL7 Announces Next Meeting in Paris." [May 1998]
- HL7 SGML Mixer: Medical Information Processing with SGML July 29 - 30, 1997
- Clinical Practice Guideline DTD (Proposed by Kaiser Permanente, Southern California Region), version 1.0, July, 1996; [mirror copy, November 1996]
- Prescription DTD, proposed by Kurzweil Applied Intelligence; [mirror copy]
- Patient Demographics DTD, proposed by Kurzweil Applied Intelligence; [mirror copy]
- Membership Roster, dated November 30, 1996; [mirror copy]
- "The Kona architecture for Health Level 7 (HL7) data representation and interchange." By Lloyd Harding, Information Assembly Automation. Presented at IHC '97.
- "A clinical systems vendor's perspective on HL7, SGML, SGML architectures, and the Kona architecture." By Jason Williams, Oceania. Presented at IHC '97.
- IEEE - P1157/P1157.2 Interchange Format Methods [mapping from the domain information model to the SGML interchange format]; [mirror copy]
- Article by Tim Benson of Abies Consulting Ltd., "SGML, HTML and EPR: Application of the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) in Electronic Patient Records." Version 2.0, 11-September-1996. Commissioned The NHS Executive's EPR Project Board. [MS Word document]
- HL7 SGML Mixer: Medical Claims Processing with SGML. Two Day Seminar, July 24 - 25, 197
- See also: "Medicine for SGML", presented at SGML '96 by Liora Alschuler, Daniel Essin, Thomas Lincoln, and John Spinosa
- HL7 - SGML Initiative bei Bob Dolin [operative?]
John Mattison, SGML SIG Chair
393 E. Walnut
Pasadena, CA 91188
Tel: +1 (818) 405-5091
Email: Chris Zingo - Chris.Zingo@kp.org [meetings of the HL7-SGML Initiative]
or [general HL7]:
Mark McDougall, Executive Director, Health Level Seven
3300 Washtenaw Avenue, Suite 227
Ann Arbor, MI 48104-4250
Phone: (313) 677-7777
Fax: (313) 677-6622
[CR: 19971118] [Table of Contents]
Updated from 19971118. See now the separate document: "NCBI Molecular Biology Data Model."
[CR: 19971118] [Table of Contents]
SPIDER is one of the research projects sponsored by MIDAS (The Medical Informatics and Decision Science Consortium, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA). Its principal investigators include Charles E. Kahn, Jr., (MD), Phiem N. Huynh, and Kurt J. Pfeifer. SPIDER uses platform-independent, public-domain technologies such as SGML and HTML (with the World Wide Web) to achieve structured entry of medical data. Applications include radiological reports and medical questionnaires." The requirements for SPIDER and the associated form-generation tools are informed by concepts related to structured data entry (SDE), as applicable in medical informatics: "SDE standardizes data collection, increases the certainty of data summaries, and facilitates integration with decision support systems. [. . .] clinical observations in a computer-based patient record may be acquired as natural language or through structured data entry."
SPIDER makes use of the "Data-entry and Report Markup Language (DRML), a platform-independent markup language for specifying the content and format of structured reporting applications. DRML is based on the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), an international standard for document exchange. [. . .] DRML was created to provide a simple standardized, universal method for specifying reporting applications. With SPIDER, DRML documents are used to create structured data-entry forms, outline-format textual reports, and datasets for analysis of aggregate results. SPIDER transforms its reporting knowledge base, written in DRML, into the appropriate hypertext markup language (HTML) codes for display by Web client programs."
- SPIDER Home Page- Structured Platform-Independent Data Entry and Reporting
- Bibliography for SPIDER
- Interface for creating an application
- The DRML DTD
- "A generalized language for platform-independent structured reporting." By Charles E. Kahn. In Methods of Information in Medicine 36/3 (August 1997) 163-171. See the document abstract in the main bibliographic entry.
- "Interactive creation of structured reporting applications." By Charles Kahn and Kurt Pfeifer. In RSNA EJ [ISSN 1090-7629], 1997. Includes description of SPIDER's use of DRML.
- "Knowledge representation for platform-independent structured reporting." By Charles Kahn and Phiem Huynh. Proceedings of the 1996 AMIA Annual Fall Symposium 1996, pages 478-482. Online in Postscript format: http://www.mcw.edu/midas/papers/AMIA96-DRML.ps; local archive copy; bibliographic entry with abstract.
- MIDAS Home Page
[CR: 19960809] [Table of Contents]
"The Metafile for Interactive Documents (MID) is a common interchange structure, based on the international standards for SGML and HyTime, that takes neutral data from varying authoring systems and structures it for display on dissimilar presentation systems, with minimal human intervention. [MID Draft specification dated Nov. 94]. It is envisioned that a MID Instance (the actual MID document) will be a 'hub' document, containing references to various (external) source data components. The MID Instance will be created by an interactive, automated process (i.e., a MIDWriter), and will be interpreted for viewing by off-the-shelf software incorporating a MIDReader. Development of a MIDReader was the primary focus of the 1995 MID project, as its development was intended (and already has) served to both point out issues in the structure of the MID, and identify implementation issues. Resolution of these issues has resulted in an evolutionary improvement to the MID specification." [from the Abstract]
"The MID provides a modular approach to authoring and maintaining IETMs. A MID standardizes the presentation of information and the behavior of that presentation across platforms. This is achieved through a standard set of user interface objects combined with an internal scripting language that controls the interaction of these objects with each other and the user as the objects access databases and display information on a Presentation System."
"Cross-platform interoperability is achieved through the use of SGML/HyTime. The MID is an application of SGML (ISO 8879) and HyTime (ISO 10744). SGML standardizes the syntax of the Document Type Definition for the MID language. HyTime provides standard models for location and addressing element types used in the MID DTD. This document assumes that the reader is familiar with the concepts and requirements of SGML." [from the NavySGML description]
MID is ". . .an application of HyTime aimed at Interactive Electronic Technical Manuals [IETMs] . . . It has been implemented and it works" [Steven R. Newcomb]
- A bibliographic reference with summary
- A full copy of the announcement of the MID draft specification, November 1994
- Announcement from David Cooper of Antech Systems, Inc. for a publicly available (sample) MID browser, which can be run under Windows95 or WinNT 3.51
- The Metafile for Interactive Documents (MID) WHAT IS IT?
- MID Abstract
[CR: 19961222] [Table of Contents]
SMSL . . ."Provides a standardized method for defining the constructs used in the script for an audiovisual presentation. . . Extends HyTime by providing SGML meta-DTD architectural forms for describing the object classes, virtual functions, messages, aggregates and class/data membership used in a multimedia presentation's script. Also contains a definitions for a starter-set of functions used by scripting languages. . .sponsored by ISO/IEC JTC1/SC18 WG8 . . . Still at committee draft stage (ISO/IEC CD 13240)" [from www.echo.lu]
"SMSL is a standardized mechanism for embedding scripts in SGML hyper-documents. SMSL prescribes: (1) a mechanism for describing script and data notations; (2) a mechanism for describing classes, data structures and method arguments; (3) services that SMSL applications use; (4) an optional library providing useful classes for multimedia, generic operating system functions and graphical user interfaces. . . The features of SMSL include: (1) object-oriented interface between scripts and documents (both the "outside-in" and "inside-out" views); (2) use of message passing model for inter-object communication; (3) use of SGML to describe data structures and interfaces; (4) upport for distributed applications; (5) support for a wide variety of scripting and programming languages."
"The Editor and Architect of SMSL is Mr. Brian Markey. Comments on SMSL documents may be sent to the Editor, but under ANSI/ISO rules, the Editor is under no obligation to respond to comments from non-participating parties. To participate in the development of SMSL, employees of U.S. companies or academic institutions are encouraged to contact Mr. Rudolf Riess, Chairman, ANSI X3V1." [from Permanent Wave WWW site]
- SMSL Overview, from email@example.com (Ralph Ferris), on home site: Technische Universitaet Berlin. [mirror copy]
- Provisionally also: reference by Steven R. Newcomb
- Overview of SMSL
- Rationale for SMSL
- SMSL Overview
- SMSL Committee Draft ISO/IEC 13240, in Postscript format; [mirror copy, December 22, 1996]
- Table I. Catalogue of Multimedia Standards
- SMSL: "Standard Multimedia/hypermedia Scripting Language (SMSL). Projet conduit au sein du comité technique conjoint de l'ISO et de l'IEC pour les technologies de l'information par deux groupes de travail : SC18/WG8-SGML et SC29/WG12-MHEG. Ce travail vise le développement d'un standard assurant la compatibilité et la portabilité entre plates-formes hétérogènes, de scripts interactifs pour le multimédia."
[CR: 19970221] [Table of Contents]
A broad range of consortial and cooperative initiatives currently [Spring 1996] underway make use of the phrase digital library" in identifying or describing their resarch and development efforts. Several such projects are being carried out jointly by research libraries and government bodies. Several such projects are making use of SGML as a means of structuring the digitized information, whether of the documents themselves or of metadata (descriptive cataloging and finding aid information). For metadata issues, see further below. Some provisional links:
- SGML Information (UC Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE)
- Testbed (UIUC)
- Testbed Demonstration (These are sample documents in engineering, encoded in SGML from original sources and displayed in readable format)
- D-Lib Magazine, July/August 1996 Theme: "The DLI Testbeds: Today and Tomorrow"
- "Federating Repositories of Scientific Literature: An Update on the Digital Library Initiative at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign", by Susan L. Harum, William H. Mischo, and Bruce R. Schatz. Summary: The UIUC DLI project will be able to provide to fellow members of the Digital Library Initiative access to its Testbed, which currently holds the full text of SGML documents from selected engineering journals. These journals, which number 20 at the present time..."
- Historical Collections for the National Digital Library (American Memory)
- UI DLI PARTNERS
- ILLINOIS DIGITAL LIBRARY INITIATIVE
- DLI project, University of Illinois, Report
- The University of Michigan Digital Library (UMDL) project ["In order to handle the efficient storage and retrieval of unstructured documents, we are exploring the extension of object-oriented database systems to maintain SGML (the standard document markup language) documents and to provide both structured and information-retrieval queries on the hypermedia database system. We have chosen the object-relational system Illustra as the target implementation platform, since it already provides rudimentary pattern matching capabilities."
- Digital libraries: WWW sites mentioned in April 1995 Communications of the ACM, by N. Beebe
- D-Lib Home Page. A forum for news, information, and discussion about research and advanced implementation projects in digital libraries
- Stanford University : "The Stanford Integrated Digital Libraries Project"
- D-Lib Magazine
- "Historical Collections for the National Digital Library. Lessons and Challenges at the Library of Congress" (Caroline R. Arms)
- Digital Libraries '96 Conference
[CR: 19971101] [Table of Contents]
- Collection of links on "SGML and Metadata," started on August 17, 1996, updated on October 29, 1997 or later
- Metadata and Resource Description - W3C efforts
- Resource Description Framework (RDF)
- Note on the consolidation of the relationship between the W3C and the Dublin Core communities for Web metadata research
- Dublin Core Metadata Home Page "The Dublin Core is a 15-element metadata element set intended to facilitate discovery of electronic resources."
- The Dublin Metadata Workshop of March 1995 "The Essential Elements of Network Object Description"
- Metadata Workshop II (April 1 - 3, 1996, University of Warwick, UK)
- Review of Metadata Formats, by Rachel Heery; "looks at issues surrounding the use of several metadata formats (MARC, TEI headers, IAFA templates, Dublin Core)" [mirror copy]; see the UK library automation journal Program (Vol 30, Issue no. 4, October 1996) for the official document version. See the bibliographic entry for fuller summary.
- Application for Participation: Distributed Indexing/Searching Workshop
- "ROADS to Desire: Some UK and Other European Metadata and Resource Discovery Projects", by Lorcan Dempsey
- Syntax for Dublin Core: paper available, by Lou Burnard, Eric Miller, Liam Quin, and C.M. Sperberg-McQueen [mirror copy, partial links only]
- The Warwick Metadata Workshop: A framework for the deployment of resource description, by (Lorcan Dempsey and Stuart L. Weibel)
- "The Warwick Framework. A Container Architecture for Aggregating Sets of Metadata" by Carl Lagoze, Clifford A. Lynch, Ron Daniel Jr. (Postscript format); [mirror]
- A Syntax for Dublin Core Metadata. Recommendations from the Second Metadata Workshop [mirror copy]
- Meta2 Archive, May 07 1996 meta2 - Archive of the meta2 mailing list, for discussions relating to a Second Invitational Metadata Workshop, organized by UKOLN and OCLC
- Issues of Document Description in HTML, by Eric J. Miller (with Dublin Core DTD) [mirror copy]
- OCLC/NCSA Metadata Workshop Report; [mirror copy]
- "On Information Factoring in Dublin Metadata Records" (C. M. Sperberg-McQueen) [mirror copy]
- FGDC Metadata Summit: An SGML Overview
- Experimental SGML Validation Service for FGDC Metadata Records
- Metadata to Describe Information in Digital Libraries
- IFLA Metadata Resources
- Metadata: The Foundations of Resource Description (Stuart Weibel)
- "The Meta-Information Environment of Digital Libraries", by Terence R. Smith
- Mapping the Dublin Core Metadata Elements to USMARC
- An SGML-based URC Service
- The CERES Metadata dtd
- DTD is based on the work done at the OCLC/NCSA Metadata Workshop held in Dublin, Ohio March 3, 1995
- Metadata2 list
- Metadata2 list Archive
[CR: 19951220] [Table of Contents]
"HTF is defined in terms of the ISO Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). SGML is a sort of meta-standard for defining structured document types and markup languages to represent instances of those document types."
"HTF is closely related to Hyper-G in the following sense: HTF is the preferred text format for Hyper-G. That means that all current and future Hyper-G clients will support this format, even if other text formats will become available in some future versions of Hyper-G."
"Hyper-G clients employ a generic SGML parser that makes it possible to display any kind of SGML markup, provided there is a DTD and a style sheet. There is a stand-alone incarnation of the parser called hgparse that is part of the Hyper-G server distribution that allows to use the parser to verify the correctness of the SGML markup, and to convert it to other text formats, given an appropriate style sheet." [from "Hyper-G Text Format", by Frank Kappe]"
- HTF (alternate)
- If you prefer reading linear text on paper, a PostScript version is available by anonymous FTP from iicm.tu-graz.ac.at in file pub/Hyper-G/doc/HTF.ps.Z. See mirror for version 2.12, or for 2.11.
- HTF: An Introduction to SGML [mirror, November 1995]
- collection: Hyper-G Text Format (HTF)
- text: HTF and the rest of the world (or: alternate)
- See materials via FTP from Exeter
- DTDs from actd.saic.com
- See the NISO AAP/EPSIG volume
- For updated efforts see "ISO 12083" immediately below and the EPSIG entry
[CR: 20001106] [Table of Contents]
ISO 12083 is the successor to the AAP/EPSIG standard, and four DTDs have been distributed by EPSIG as the "ISO" DTDs.
ISO 12083 Scope (1998): "This International Standard presents a reference document type definition which facilitates the authoring, interchange and archiving of a variety of publications. This document type definition is deliberately general. It is a reference document type definition which provides a set of building blocks for the structuring of books, articles, serials, and similar publications in print and electronic form. This International Standard is intended to provide a document architecture to facilitate the creation of various application-specific document type definitions."
[January 25, 1999] As of January 1999, Dianne Kennedy was "convener of ISO 12083, the electronic manuscript standard." Dianne indicated that ISO 12083 would be undergoing a 'major overhaul' during 1999. "ISO 12083 meeting minutes, existing DTDs, newly proposed XML DTDs and more are posted at http://www.xmlxperts.com/12083.htm. Our next meeting will be in Granada Spain, on May 1, 1999 (following XML Europe '99)."
[November 06, 2000] ISO 12083 is available free in PDF format from NISO: ANSI/NISO/ISO 12083 Electronic Manuscript Preparation and Markup ("The standard specifies the SGML declaration defining the syntax used by the document type definitions [DTD] and document instances, and a definition for mathematics which may be embedded in other SGML applications").
- DIS copies of DTDs from Exeter
- Links to ISO 12083 [support forum] from EPSIG
- ISO 12083 Information from XMLXperts Web site
- The Electronic Publishing Special Interest Group Home Page (c/o GCARI)
- ISO 12083 erratum/addendum
- Survey and evaluation of ISO 12083 for early 1998: see the notice available online.
- Proposal for modifications to ISO 12083 from Jean-Luc Sanson of the EDF (Electricité de France)
- DIS DTDs from actd.saic.com
- ISO12083:1993 document type definition for Books, DTD2HTML version
- The mathematics DTD in ISO 12083:1994
- [Proposals wanting, July 1996]
- Agenda for the ISO/TC46/SC4/WG6 Meeting Agenda, May 1996
- Other DTD source: http://www.ifi.unit.no/~fredj/sgml/ISO/
- DTDs modified for Norwegian projects SGML Repository
- ISO 12083 - Notes from Meetings, The SGML Resource Center
[CR: 20021111] [Table of Contents]
Wayne L. Wohler, Rick Dennis, and Eliot Kimber were principal contributors to the IBMIDDoc specification. Ref: IBMIDDoc User's Guide and Reference. Document Number SH21-0783-02. December 17, 1995. Rick Dennis (Author), Wayne Wohler (DTD Architect).
- IBMIDDoc -- IBM's technical documentation DTD (December 1995 announcement)
- FTP access: ftp://ftp.software.ibm.com/software/ibmiddoc
- Distribution README document 2001-01-15
- Snapshot from 2001-01-15 distribution
- README (December 1995) (mirror)
- FTP from the SGML Repository
- Mike Cowlishaw [one of many in IBM who pioneered SGML R&D; he built an editor for the SGML text of second edition of the Oxford English Dictionary]
- IBMIDDoc local archive copy: ZIP package, ca. 1995
[CR: 19971023] [Table of Contents]
The Computer Society Digital Library (CSDL) is an SGML-based document repository that uses Inso's DynaWeb server to deliver the documents as HTML on the fly to Web browsers. The CDROM version of the library also stores the articles in SGML format, delivered by the DynaText SGML browser. With this SGML-based software, users can search by any arbitrary string to find references for their current projects, attach their own electronic notes, place electronic bookmarks, and print full articles. The 1996 edition has over 12,000 pages of text from the 114 IEEE journals issues.
The CSDL digital library "contains all issues of seventeen (17) of the society's magazines and transactions from 1995 to the present. The material is viewable and full-text searchable via standard WWW browsers. . . For those interested in the publication technology, we have created a database of SGML files and linked images. These files are converted and displayed as HTML on the fly. This allows subscribers to manipulate and view the content -- including math -- with standard web browsers without any helper applications or plug-ins."
According to the CS style guide, the IEEE Computer Society "has made a corporate decision to become an active participant in the electronic publishing arena," and has now become a content provider rather than a publisher in the traditional sense. "To maintain its lead in this rapidly developing field, the society began in 1994 to archive all of its transactions and magazine articles electronically. This is done by putting Microsoft Word documents through a custom filter in order to convert them into SGML files. These SGML files can then be manipulated in any way that may be considered desirable for future reproduction. For example, the entire 1995 content of each of the society's periodical titles is now available on CD-ROM. In 1996, the society began to post the content of some of its publications on the World Wide Web home page it maintains."
- CSDL Main Page
- "Inso Corporation Announces DynaWeb(r) 3.1; First Web Publishing Solution To Support Interactive Mathematical Equations. IEEE Computer Society Implements DynaWeb 3.1 For Publishing 'Digital Library' of Technical Material On The Web." Inso Press Release
- "Inso Adds Math to DynaWeb. IEEE Uses it to Go Live with Online Digital Library." In Seybold Report on Internet Publishing 2/2 (October 1997) 28.
- "Using SGML to Create Complex Interactive Documents for Electronic Publishing." By Peter Goldie. In IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication 40/2 (June 1997). The article has some relevant screen shots. See the bibliographic entry for abstract and summary.
- "News. IEEE Computer Society." By Larry Lange. EETimes Online August 25, 1997, Issue: 968. Section: News.
- Plans to deliver IEEE publications in searchable SGML format as part of the University of California's (MELVYL) UC-IEEE Project.
- Computer Society '96 and '95 CS Periodical Collection CD-ROMs. The articles from sixteen Computer Society magazines and transactions are SGML-encoded, delivered via the DynaText SGML browser.
SGML Database Coordinator
Information Technology & Services Department
IEEE Computer Society
10662 Los Vaqueros Circle
Los Alamitos, CA 90720-1264
EMAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org WWW: [Contact: Edna Straub]
[CR: 19990520] [Table of Contents]
The Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), "is the internal production format of IEEE Standards."
Provisional introduction: "SPAsystem modular DTD approach: The purpose of the SPAsystem Authoring DTD Suite (SPA Z-30) is to create an environment that allows authors to write an IEEE standards document in SGML in a simple and intuitive manner. This is accomplished through a series of DTD modules. Each module is a small, highly structured DTD that defines a particular portion of an IEEE standards document." [from the Authoring System description]
IEEESTD V3.0 DTD ('ieeestd.dtd' - DTD for an IEEE standard): "This DTD is used both to create and edit IEEE standards of all sorts and to hold legacy standards, some dating back 20 years ago. Hence it is a VERY lax structural DTD, with very few semantic elements, except in the front matter (frntmttr) and standard title (stdtitle). . . Public Identifier:
-//IEEE//DTD IEEE Software Standards 3.0//EN. Please send comments regarding this DTD to email@example.com. Version: 3.0.0 1998-10-15.
- IEEE Standards Home Page
- SGML DTD [local archive copy]
- XML DTD [local archive copy]
- DTD Documentation
- IEEE Home Page
- SPAsystem overview [mirror copy, January 1996]]
- SPAsystem Handbook for Standards Developers
- About the SPAsystem: IEEE Standards
- IEEE SPAsystem Guide for SGML Authoring (Overview), Version 5.0.1; [mirror copy]
- DTD Components; [mirror copy]
- IEEE SPAsystem Summary of Services -- August 1995
IEEE Standards Department
Stephen Huffman, Electronic Program Implementation
445 Hoes Lane, P.O. Box 1331
Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331
[CR: 20000830] [Table of Contents]
See now also "DocBook XML DTD."
[January 06, 1999] In January 1999, the DocBook DTD moved to a new Web site at http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/. DocBook is an SGML DTD that is 'particularly well suited to books and papers about computer hardware and software'. While the official DocBook distribution is an SGML DTD, an XML DTD based upon DocBook version 3.0 has been under development for some time -- principally through the efforts of Norman Walsh. Walsh also maintains the DSSSL Modular DocBook Stylesheets, used for print and online publishing of DocBook documents. "Because DocBook is a large and robust DTD, and because its main structures correspond to the general notion of what constitutes a 'book,' DocBook has been adopted by a large and growing community of authors writing books of all kinds. DocBook is supported 'out of the box' by a number of commercial tools, and there is rapidly expanding support for it in a number of free software environments. These features have combined to make DocBook a generally easy to understand, widely useful, and very popular DTD. Dozens of organizations are using DocBook for millions of pages of documentation, in various print and online formats, worldwide." Originally designed and implemented by HaL Computer Systems and O'Reilly & Associates in 1991, the DocBook DTD is now maintained by the OASIS DocBook Technical Committee. The meetings of the DocBook Technical Committee are open to anyone who wishes to attend, and thus not limited to OASIS members.
[July 01, 1998] In the summer of 1998, plans were made to turn over the maintenance of the DocBook application to OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) under a new OASIS DocBook Technical Committee. See the relevant communique to the Davenport Group mailing list from Eve Maler, and Karl Best's invitation to a wider group of DocBook supporters to attend the first committee meeting in San Diego. And see the press release.
"The purpose of the Davenport Group [is] to promote the interchange and delivery of computer documentation using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML, ISO 8879:1986) and other relevant standards." [adapted from the DAVENPORT GROUP CHARTER AND BY-LAWS]. A recent "version of the DocBook DTD is 2.4.1, released 10 April 1996. This release includes much improved documentation." "The DocBook DTD was developed specifically for computer software documentation, that is, user manuals and programming references. DocBook maintenance is performed under the aegis of the Davenport Group, a discussion forum sponsored by individuals representing large-scale producers and consumers of software documentation. Davenport meetings are held roughly quarterly, and are open to everyone. However, decisions about the DocBook DTD are made only after approval by the Davenport sponsors." [from the README].
Sponsors: As of October 07, 1996, the Davenport sponsors are: Terry Allen, Fujitsu Software Corporation (San Jose, CA), Mark Buckley, Microsoft (Redmond, WA), Ralph Ferris, Fujitsu Software Corporation (San Jose, CA), Lee Fogal, Digital Equipment Corporation (Nashua, NH), Eduardo Gutentag, SunSoft Inc. (Mountain View, CA), Eve Maler, ArborText, Inc. (Boston, MA), Murray Maloney, SoftQuad Inc. (Toronto, CA), Nancy Paisner, Open Environment Corp. (Boston, MA), Bob Stayton, The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc. (Santa Cruz, CA), Norman Walsh, O'Reilly & Associates, Inc. (Boston, MA).
- Davenport and DocBook DTD
- OASIS DocBook Technical Committee
- The DocBook 3.0 XML DTD
- [August 28, 1998] "OASIS Assumes Responsibility for DocBook DTD. SGML/XML Industry Consortium Takes Ownership of Documentation DTD." [local archive copy]
- Modular DSSSL stylesheets for DocBook
- DocBook in a Nutshell - A reference work on DocBook, being authored by Norm Walsh and Leonard Muellner. The book is to be "published by O'Reilly & Associates in 1998."
- [July 21, 1999] docbook-tools - "a pretty good prepackaged setup of DocBook for Linux called 'docware' or 'docbook-tools' at http://sourceware.cygnus.com/docbook-tools/. docbook-tools is being used for the documentation of the GNOME project. It's based on DocBook v3.0, but the install-catalog script makes it easy to drop in a newer version of the DTD and stylesheets if you want. Also included are some nice db2X scripts." [Jonathan F. Dill]
- Davenport Group mailing list, supported by Norman Walsh (moderator) and ArborText (http://www.arbortext.com/) [December 1997]
- SGML in Davenport projects
- Announcement for release of DocBook DTD version 3.0 (January 1997)
- [February 1998] Get Going With DocBook - DocBook tutorial documentation from Mark Galassi, of Cygnus Solutions
- Davenport Group Charter
- Current version of DocBook
- DocBook Documentation, for DocBook 3.0
- Reference for the DocBook DTD
- DocBook 3.0 analysis in HTML
- DocBook V3.0 Quick Reference, from Norman Walsh
- [April 09, 1998] SGML-Tools: Moving from linuxdoc DTD to the DocBook DTD
- [August 24, 1998] DocBook <--> TIM conversion guide. "Don Pratt has completed the long-overdue DocBook <--> TIM conversion guide. He has posted it at: ftp://ftp.bellcore.com/pub/world/TCIF/docbook2tim-draft1.txt. It is available for public comment and contribution. Please direct or forward any comments/contributions to firstname.lastname@example.org." From Art Kedzierski, IPI Chair, 1998-080-24. [local archive copy]
- Docbook Resources - for FreeBSD Documentation Project using the Docbook DTD. By John Fieber. DocBook samples. [local archive copy]
- Alpha (version 0.63) DSSSL DocBook stylesheet, by Jon Bosak. See the text of the announcement, January 20, 1997. - see below.
- [March 25, 1997] Announcement from Jon Bosak for an updated version of the DSSSL stylesheet for DocBook (version 0.68). See ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/sun-info/standards/dsssl/stylesheets/docbook, or via HTTP: http://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/sun-info/standards/dsssl/stylesheets/docbook/docbook3.dsl.
- For updates to the DSSSL stylesheet for DocBook, see the main section on DSSSL
- [July 3, 1997] DSSSL style sheet for DocBook to HTML conversion (jadeware) Version 1.6 1997/07/03 09:07:58. See previously: Updated DocBook to HTML Jadeware, by Mark Burton (email@example.com) June 24, 1997.
- DocBook 2.3 documentation (HTML, from Earl Hood)
- SGML in Davenport projects: HTML README (via FTP)
- Davenport Mirror at the SGML Repository
- Davenport Mirror at Exeter
Current efforts within the Davenport project include:
- DASH. See DASH directory at FTP.ORA.COM, or SGML Repository
- DOCBOOK. See docbook directory at FTP.ORA.COM, or SGML Repository
- OSFDOC. See OSFDOC Directory at FTP.ORA.COM, or SGML Repository
- FTP OSF DTDs directly from OSF (requires userid and password)
- DECbook. The file DECbook-V1.tar.Z contains the DTD and related files for the DECbook DTD, written by Eve Maler for in-house use at Digital Equipment Corporation. See DECbook directory
[CR: 19970425] [Table of Contents]
SGML is being used by various entities supporting ICADD because the document structure captured in SGML is vital in the communication processes designed for persons with print disabilities. ICADD Statement of Purpose: The International Committee for Accessible Document Design (ICADD) is dedicated to making printed materials accessible to persons with print disabilities. ICADD is an international nonpartisan consortium of representatives from industry, education, and the disabled community. We believe that advancing computer based publishing, through adaptive computer technology for persons with disabilities, offers the potential to make printed information accessible simultaneously and at no greater cost than the able bodied community enjoys." [from the 1992 Statement of Purpose document referenced below]
- ICADD Statement of Purpose (98k) [mirrored here on March 18, 1995]
- Yuri Rubinsky, "Description of the ICADD Mechanism" [65K document]. Also available in PostScript format. See the bibliographic entry for a summary.
- Brief news extract on ICADD from "SGML Year in Review '93" (Yuri Rubinsky)
- ICADD in the ISO 12083 ANNEX A.8 [Informative] (29k), with copy mirrored here on March 20, 1995
- Article with ICADD example (architectural forms), by Klaus Harbo, et al.
- ICADD DTD (SGML Document Type Definition for Braille, large print and voice synthesis, 5k)
- ICADD Work at UCLA
- Information on ICADD: List of Documents
- About InfoUCLA Access for People with Print Impairment (5k)
- Announcing: InfoUCLA in ICADD Format, with Gopher Demo (4k)
- Demo of InfoUCLA Access for People with Print Impairment
- HTML to ICADD Transformation Service The action of the HTML form is to transform the HTML document identified by the URL into ICADD-SGML, and if requested, into Braille. The Braille is Grade II Braille using MegaDots from Raised Dots Computing. This Grade II Braille can be sent to any Braille printer or read online with a refreshable Braille display.
- Email discussion group: firstname.lastname@example.org ([email@example.com, International Committee for Accessible Document Design])
- Journal Header Reader (Dresden University of Technology)
- A Journal Header Reader program for the blind : Access to scientific journal article headers (by Thomas Kahlisch and Gunthild Vogel); alternate URL; [mirror copy]
- FTP to KULEUVEN for ICADD materials (files: ICADD.ZIP, Oct 25 1993; and icadd.dtd, Jul 6 1994)
- ICADD and PDF
- ICADD (INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE FOR ACCESSIBLE DOCUMENT DESIGN): AN INTRODUCTION AND CALL FOR PARTICIPATION [mirror copy]
- ICADD - Trace
- Trace Paper: "Toward a Standard Format for ASCII Text Documents" [mirror copy]
For more information on the InfoUCLA - ICADD project, contact: (1) Jeff Suttor, Programmer/Analyst, Library Information Systems; 11334 University Research Library, 405 Hilgard Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1575; Email: JSuttor@Library.UCLA.Edu, Tel: 310-825-1206 or 310-206-5565; FAX: 310-206-4109; or, (2) Daniel Hilton-Chalfen, UCLA Disabilities and Computing Program, firstname.lastname@example.org, 310-206-7133, TDD: 310-206-5155
CAPS (Communication and Access to Information for Persons with Special Needs) and HARMONY (Horizontal Action for the Harmonisation of Accessible Structured Documents)
[CR: 19960226] [Table of Contents]
The CAPS Project started in 1991 with a pilot action which ran until March 93. The project then received an extension to further develop the ideas and techniques designed in the Pilot Phase. This Extension Phase was concluded in September 1994.
"The project is financed under the TIDE (Technology Initiative for Disabled and Elderly Persons) programme by the Directorate-General XIII for Telecommunications, Information Industries and Innovation of the E.U.
"The project's main objective is to provide broader access to digitally distributed documents, especially newspapers, books and public information. The Consortium believes that more traditional forms of information transfer will loose some of their importance in favour of electronic information. This presents an enormous opportunity to the reading impaired community as much more information will be available to them.
"In the Extension Project, an electronic library prototype has been set up. This electronic library provides a whole variety of SGML documents to its clients who can access them by means of the Reading Station or via a Telephone Access System. Also non-interactive access is guaranteed."
"The HARMONY Horizontal Action is the follow up to the two previous CAPS Projects (TP 136 and TP 218). Within HARMONY the Consortium will try to increase the quantity and quality of documents accessible to the print disabled. To accomplish this goal, the publishing community will be stimulated by means of involvement and lobbying with standardisation being a key issue.
"The use of the ISO Standard SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language, ISO 8879) will be encouraged. The HARMONY Consortium expects to stimulate an increase in accessible newspapers through the use of the European Interchange Format (EIF) developed in CAPS, and other SGML based techniques. Publishers will be urged to introduce and incorporate these techniques within their organisations."
- For general information on the SGML sponsored by the KU Leuven Document Architectures Research Unit, see the main entry
- Research Unit on Document Architectures
- CAPS Project
- HARMONY Horizontal Action
- The HARMONY workshop
- HARMONY- Home Page
- Harmony (EU TIDE Project): Horizontal Action for the Harmonisation of Accessible Structured Documents
- CAPS (EU TIDE Project)
- Also see: Electronic Publishing for the Disabled (University of Bradford)
- FTP from Exeter.
- FTP from the SGML Repository
- FTP to ftp.esat.kuleuven.ac.be [22.214.171.124]
- Email contact: email@example.com (Jan Engelen) [or: Jan.Engelen@KULeuven.ac.be]
- Email: Filip.Evenepoel@KULeuven.ac.be (Filip Evenepoel)
- Email: HARMONY@esat.kuleuven.ac.be
- Email: Michel.Boddaerd@KULeuven.ac.be (Michel Boddaerd)
- Email: Bart.Bauwens@KULeuven.ac.be (Bart Bauwens)
[CR: 19960730] [Table of Contents]
The ELVIS WWW server hosts a number of services and information resources relevant to SGML/HTML technologies for sight-disabled people (ICADD, CAPS, etc.). Most documents on the server are in German. As of November 1995, an SGML tutorial was also available. The resources apparently have been collected and developed by Thomas Kahlisch (email: firstname.lastname@example.org).
From the ELVIS Home Page: "Willkommen am WWW-Server der Arbeitsgruppe Studium für Blinde und Sehbehinderte an der Fakultät Informatik der TU Dresden. Unsere Arbeitsgruppe beschäftigt sich mit der Bereitstellung von blinden- und sehbehindertengerechten Studienmaterial. Über das ELVIS (Elektronisches Literaturverzeichnis - Informatik für Sehgeschädigte) werden diese Materialien angeboten. Wir beabsichtigen, ausgewählte Materialien über diesen WWW-Server anzubieten. Damit wollen wir helfen, Erfahrungen für die Gestaltung der blinden- bzw. sehbehindertengerechten Auffahrt auf die "Infobahn" zu sammeln."
- Präsentation elektronischer Dokumente für Blinde Menschen (March 1996)
- Abschlussbericht zum Forschungsprojekt SGML-Transkription und Nutzerakzeptanz
- SGML TUTORIAL. Eine praktische Einführung in standardisiertes und strukturiertes Markup von Dokumenten
- ICADD: Verbesserte Informationsangebote für blinde Menschen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung moderner Konzepte des Elektronischen Publizierens
- ELVIS Home Page
- JOURNAL HEADER READER - Zugang zu wissenschaftlichen Artikelheadern für sehgeschädigte Studierende
- SGML - Transkription und Nutzerakzeptanz
- Strukturierte Dokumentenformate eröffnen neue Wege für blinde Computerbenutzer
- Mit Struktur durch den Formatedschungel (Thomas Kahlisch, 09.11.1994)
- "A Journal Header Reader program for the blind: Access to scientific journal article headers", [mirror copy, November 1995].
- Projektbeschreibung: Elektronisches Literaturverzeichnis -- Informatik für Sehgeschädige -- unter World Wide Web
- Testseite - ASCII to ICADD to HTML Service
- Thomas Kahlisch Home Page
Technische Universität Dresden
Attention: Thomas Kahlisch
Arbeitsgruppe Studium für Blinde und Sehbehinderte
Tel: 0351/4575 467
Fax: 0351/4575 335
NITF (News Industry Text Format) [Formerly UTF - Universal Text Format] - SGML for the News Distribution Industry
[CR: 19990115] [Table of Contents]
Update March, 1996: "What was called the UTF is now known as the NITF (News Industry Text Format)" [Steve Pepper]. See the links to www.iptc.org below.
UTF ("Universal Text Format") is the name of a new standard being adopted by the news distribution industry, and particularly, under the direction of working committees in the IPTC (International Press Telecommunications Council) and NAA ( Newspaper Association of America). UTF is part of The Information Interchange Model (IIM) standard. Description from a working document on UTF by Dave Becker: "In June, 1992, a working subcommittee was established to create an industry standard for the interchange of textual material between news agencies and and their clients (primarily newspapers) that would replace the current standard IPTC 7901 and ANPA 1312 formats. The new standard is called the Universal Text Format (UTF). After significant discussion, SGML was adopted as the encoding language for the new standard. Members of the working subcommittee are now attempting to finalize and prototype the new standard in selected test environments."
Further information about NITF/UTF/SGML may be found in:
- IPTC (International Press Telecommunications Council) Home Page
- See: News Industry Text Format (NITF) in XML
- NITF DTD [mirror copy, March 1996]
- International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC)'s NITF DTD 2.0 with SGML declaration, originally from IPTC Web site
- Announcement from David Allen (MD IPTC) concerning a production version 2 release of the News Industry Text format (NITF) DTD, by The International Press Telecommunications Council and the Newspaper Association of America. [October 25, 1996]
- The version 2 DTD, from: http://www.xe.net/iptc/nitf20.dtd; [mirror copy]
- See also: SGML DTD '2B' harmonized with HTML (and SGML declaration). [local archive copy]
- Eliot Kimber on 'NITF 2.0 - HyTime'
- Online report UTF [Universal Text Format] - An SGML Standard for the News Distribution Industry by Dave Becker, available in HTML format in this SGML database as well as in RTF format. See also the full bibliographic reference.
- "NITF HyTime Discussion Examples" [Kimber, October 25, 2996]
- Article in Seybold Report, also by Dave Becker
- Article by Mark Walter, reviewing information given at SGML '94; see the bibliographic reference = pages 3-6 in "SGML '94: Upbeat Wrap-up To an Eventful Year," The Seybold Report on Publishing Systems24/6 (November 30, 1994) [ISSN: 0736-7260].
- See the article by Michael Shepherd, et al., "Digital Libraries for Electronic News," from the ADL '95 Forum
- Displayable (non-printable) documentation on the NITF DTD
- See also: XML for classified ads: Newspaper Association of America (NAA) - Classified Ads Format
Contact addresses (New Text Subcommittee):
International Press Telecommunications Council
Attention: David Allen
8 Sheet Street
Windsor, Berkshire SL4 1BG
Email: 100321.2156@CompuServe.COM [Davis Allen]
Newspaper Association of America
Attention: John W. Iobst [Director, Advanced Computer Science]
1921 Gallows Road
Vienna, VA 22182-3900
[CR: 19960321] [Table of Contents]
"The objective of the Canadian Strategic Software Consortium (CSSC) is to perform pre-competitive research in order to create software technology that will permit the extension of database management technology to text-intensive data; produce working prototypes that are based on these new technologies; apply the working technology to several large-scale real-world problems; and to present the research and the technology in forums that are appropriate to the establishment of technical standards."
The consortium is currently [March 1996] composed of eight members: Fulcrum Technologies Inc., Grafnetix Systems Inc., InContext Corporation, Megalith Technologies Inc., OpenText Corporation, Public Sector Systems Ltd., SoftQuad Inc., and University of Waterloo Waterloo, Ontario. SGML plays a significant role in the members' current operations and in the consortium's development plans.
"The mandate of the consortium is to undertake pre-competitive research to: (1) create the technology that will permit the extension of database management technology to text-intensive data; (2) produce working prototypes that are based on these new technologies; (3) apply working technology to several large-scale real-world problems; and (4) present the research and the technology in forums that are appropriate to the establishment of technical standards." Several of the research and development efforts work toward the integration of SQL and (SGML) structured text models. A "Hybrid Query Processor" (HPQ) being developed at the University of Waterloo "will provide a gateway to a federated database system and will support the construction of "virtual" tables managed (and updated) solely by the HQP. Tuples in these managed tables can contain TEXT and standard types of relational information stored on one, two or many underlying database engines."
- CSSC Home Page
- Members' Profiles
- CSSC Quarterly Newsletters
- A repository of information from the CSSC
- Model Requirements Statements - Revision 1.0 [PostScript format]
- Structured Text ADT(by Ian Davis) [PostScript format]
- Adding Structured Text to SQL/MM Part 2: Full Text (by Ian Davis, University of Waterloo (November 25, 1995) [PostScript format]
[CR: 19971018] [Table of Contents]
The Bilingual Canadian Dictionary Project (Lexicographie comparée du français et de l'anglais au Canada) is funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (through 1999), and is expected to publish a completed work in about 2003. SGML tools have been used for designing a dictionary DTD, editing database entries, and querying the lexical database. "This interuniversity, pan-Canadian project, known informally as the Bilingual Canadian Dictionary Project, was launched in early 1988 with the goals of producing a truly Canadian English-French, French-English dictionary and developing an electronic database of English- and French- Canadian texts for comparative work in the fields of translation and lexical research.
"Led by Professor Roda P. Roberts at the University of Ottawa's School of Translation and Interpretation, the project brings together a team of seven researchers specializing in various subfields of linguistics at the University of Ottawa, the University of Montreal and Laval University. The research team also includes a number of graduate students and researchers who are being trained in bilingual lexicography. Microstar Software Ltd. is serving as the project's computer consultant."
- Home Page
- "SGMLizing the Bilingual Canadian Dictionary: Reasons, Process, and Problems." ALLC-ACH '97 presentation by Roda Roberts, Lucie Langlois, and David Megginson
- Theses published at the Bilingual Canadian Dictionary
- Articles published by researchers at the Bilingual Canadian Dictionary
- Computerized [SGML] Tools in the Bilingual Canadian Dictionary project
Bilingual Canadian Dictionary
University of Ottawa
Canada K1N 6N5
[CR: 19960410] [Table of Contents]
"Protein Science, a peer reviewed journal published by The Protein Society and Cambridge University Press, has established the Electronic Protein Science at the University of California, Irvine." [see ad]. In 1993, a CDROM with the title 1993 Protein Science [PIR Sequence Database, and Special Edition of Brookhaven Protein Data Bank] was produced: all data were marked up in SGML and indexed and accessed by DynaText(TM) on Mac, PC, and Unix platforms.
Now "the entire Protein Science editorial production process at Cambridge University Press has been redesigned to accommodate the electronic edition and to incorporate it into the routine production of the printed edition. Underlying both the printed and electronic edition is a single master document that is prepared in the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) that is sent for production of typesetting code and to the Web site for the production of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) documents used for the delivery of the electronic edition. Underlying the SGML document is another document called the Document Type Definition (DTD) which describes the information content of the document and makes possible sophisticated indexing. A great deal of innovation has gone into the design of the DTD to make it serve simultaneously the requirement of electronic and print media. We believe it will help set standards for electronic and print publishing in the world of scientific publishing." [from: "Finally! Protein Science On-line," An Editorial from Protein Science Volume 4, Number 9, 4:1665, by Stephen H. White and Hans Neurath.]
"The copy editors and production editors must now produce a document prepared by using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), which is a machine-readable marking scheme that describes in detail the structure and information content of an article. SGML makes it possible to index the contents of articles for full-text searching and, importantly, to establish hyperlinks within individual documents and between related documents. In addition, SGML and its derivative language HTML can be used for controlling the layout and appearance of articles displayed in both the electronic and printed environments. The typesetters and printers must adapt to SGML-marked documents and the electronic production editor must make provisions for mounting the documents on computer servers in such a way that they can be indexed and delivered rapidly over the World Wide Web." [from: an Editorial from Protein Science Volume 4, Number 1, 4:1-2, by Stephen H. White and Hans Neurath.
- PUBLISHING ELECTRONIC PROTEIN SCIENCE ON THE WEB [mirror copy, text only]
- Electronic Protein Science Home Page - http://www.prosci.uci.edu/index.shtml
- PROTEIN SCIENCE ON-LINE (EDITORIAL, Protein Science 1995, Vol. 4, Issue 9) - http://www.prosci.uci.edu/Articles/Vol4No09/EditorialVol4No9.html
- The Plan - SGML Based Publishing Process for the Electronic and Printed Journals.
- Technical Implementation Issues; [mirror copy, text only]
- Editorial from Issue 4/1
- Protein Science Gopher Menu
[CR: 19980606] [Table of Contents]
- [June 06, 1998] See now: XML Media/MIME Types
- HTTP Working group: email@example.com (subscribe using the customary commands with email to firstname.lastname@example.org)
- Archives of the MIMESGML Working Group discussion [or similarly]
- MIME and SGML: See SGML Repository
- Page of abstracts for IETF drafts (September 1995) from WG HQ: http://www.ietf.cnri.reston.va.us/ids.by.wg/mimesgml.html; or see mirror
- Don Stinchfield's IETF Using Catalogs and MIME to Exchange SGML Documents, December 1, 1995, with references
- Edward Levinson, "Exchanging SGML Documents Using Internet Mail and MIME." In Computer Standards & Interfaces 18/1 (January 1996) 93-102 (with 11 references). See the bibliographic entry for the abstract and related documents.
- Ed Levinson's March 1995 Strawman Proposal (draft 03), posted to SGML-Internet List (email@example.com)
- MIME-SGML: Remote file ds.internic.net/internet-drafts/draft-levinson-sgml-02.txt
- Draft documents on MIME-SGML by Ed Levinson and James Clark: (1); (2); (3).
[CR: 19970719] [Table of Contents]
"A Serial Header contains bibliographic information about an article appearing in a Serial publication, i.e., a journal or other periodical. Serial Headers created by journal publishers for various purposes including electronic delivery to current awareness and electronic document delivery services. SSSH - Simplified SGML for Serial Headers - was developed last year by Publishing Technology and New Media Group on behalf of Book Industry Communications, the standards body of the UK book and serials publishing industry. SSSH has much in common with its respected antecedent, MAJOUR, but reduces the number of required elements, in accordance with the recommendations of the OASIS group of UK serials publishers, and adds new elements for the article identification schemes (SICI and PII) that have been developed since MAJOUR was published in 1991."
- Main Page
- Download SSSH2 DTD and supporting documentation [archive copy]
- See "SSSH on the Web" in the International SGML Users' Group Newsletter 3/2 (April 1997) 15.
- Note also: the Pira Contact entry, with references to Simplified SGML for Serial Headers Version 2 (SSSH2)
[CR: 20000828] [Table of Contents]
"Fred is an ongoing research project at OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. (OCLC) studying the manipulation of tagged text. As a service to the community, OCLC has decided to make several portions of Fred freely available via a WWW server. Fred addresses two main problems associated with managing tagged text as seen at OCLC: (1) tagged document collections with no corresponding DTD, and (2) arbitrary transformation of tagged text." [adapted from Fred main page]
"As an electronic publisher, OCLC receives tagged text from several data sources. Often, this tagged text is not valid SGML since it does not have or conform to a Document Type Definition (DTD). Despite this, OCLC must build data transformations, databases, and interfaces for this tagged text. To address the lack of DTDs, Fred can automatically build DTDs from tagged text. While it is fairly straight forward to extract tags from a tagged document without a DTD, it is non-trivial to produce a reduced representation of this structure. You can use Fred's free automatic DTD creation services to sample this process."
"To address arbitrary transformations, Fred includes a translation language that allows direct mappings based on tag names, attributes, and structure, as well as movement of text within the tree and several other manipulation features. See the Fred Translation Service Home Page to read more about Fred's translation capabilities or to access Fred's free translation services."
Provisional Links for Fred:
- The OCLC Fred Home Page
- Summary of Fred
- Keith Shafer, "Creating DTDs via the GB-Engine [General Grammer Builder] and Fred". See the bibliographic entry or the direct link to OCLC.
- OCLC Fred Automatic DTD creation services
- "Creating DTDs via the GB-Engine and Fred." By Keith E. Shafer (OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.). "In this paper, we motivate and describe tools we have built to automatically create reduced structural representations of tagged text. These tools are novel in that they let one use the basic tenants of SGML without creating DTDs by hand." [cache]
- Fred grammar reduction services
- Fred translation services
- Fred X Documentation
- Fred Overview
- Austin Overview
- Beca Overview
- Casey Overview
- Drew Overview
- Gail Overview
- See: "SGML/XML DTD Transduction and Generation."
SGML and Chemistry: The OCLC CORE Project (Chemistry Online Retrieval Experiment) and other Initiatives
[CR: 19960322] [Table of Contents]
"The OCLC CORE Project: Overview. The CORE project is an electronic library prototype the provides networked access to the full text and graphics content of the American Chemical Society journals and associated Chemical Abstracts Services indexing since 1980 (some 250 journal years of data). The database is coded in SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) which was translated from the original typography codes, captures the structural richness of the original document and provides flexibility for indexing, searching and display. The prototype provides a full-scale laboratory environment in which to explore issues of database structure, user interface capabilities, and information retrieval questions on a large, real-world scholarly electronic journal database. The complete database, representing more than 600,000 pages of full text and graphics, will be available at Cornell University in late 1994. The major contributors of this electronic library project include: Cornell University (Mann Library); OCLC; Bellcore; American Chemical Society; Chemical Abstracts Services."
- CORE Overview and Summary, 1991-1995 [mirror copy, January 1996]
- OCLC RSPD Projects & Publications Page
- The CORE Project: Overview
- The CORE Project
- An Architecture for Scholarly Publishing on the World Wide Web
- The CORE Project
- Scholarly Publishing on the World Wide Web
- Design and Implementation of XSCEPTER
- An Architecture for Scholarly Publishing on the World Wide Web
- Scholarly Publishing on the WWW: 12083 SGML to HTML translation
"CML is a powerful generic tool for management of molecular and technical information, especially geared to Inter- and Intra-net use. Object-Oriented, based on Java and SGML (XML) it covers a wide range of chemical disciplines. . ."
NB: Some links below are obsolete. See later references in "Chemical Markup Language (CML)."
- XML-CML A Centre for Chemical Markup Language (CML) Resources
- CML FAQ Document
- JUMBO XML/CML Browser
- PDB2CML - A public domain PDB to CML converter
- CML DTD - By P.Murray-Rust and H.Rzepa. Documented in Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Science, 1999. [local archive copy]
- Design Considerations for CML
- Open Molecule Foundation
- The CML Reference
- "XML and the Launch of Chemical Markup Language," by Peter Murray-Rust
- Chemical Markup Language - CML; [mirror copy], or: CML - Chemical Markup Language
- Announcement by Peter Murray-Rust for a new (Version 1.0) release of Chemical Markup Language. Code supporting this application is Object Oriented, implemented in JAVA (January 1997)
- Welcome to Chemical Markup Language - CML
- CML: Basics of CML
- CML: Syntax and Semantics [mirror, partial links]
- CML: A Gentle Introduction to Chemical Markup Language
- DTDs required for CML
- Some Examples of CML and related files
- Sample paper in CML [mirror]
- Samples - screenshots
- CML: Xperimental Markup Language
- CML: How Chemistry is treated in CML
- CML.DTD (one of 3-4 relevant DTD fragments); mirror copy. See official site for current DTDs, but provisionally: also XML DTD [xml-dtd, mirror copy] and MOL DTD [mol-dtd, mirror copy]
- [NOTE: For "XML" as an abbreviation for "Extensible Markup Language" see the main XML database entry]
- ACS' SGML activities, by Lorrin Garson [mirror copy]
- Publishing Chemistry on the Internet
- Extract from the Figit Periodicals Digitisation Study
- Chemical Publishing via the Internet
SGML and Physics: The American Physical Society, American Astronomical Society, and The American Institute of Physics
[CR: 19961222] [Table of Contents]
Bob Kelly:: "The current explosion in the use of information technology for early dissemination of scientific information dovetails with APS's interest in electronic publishing and consumption of scholarly journals and provides both physicists and the Society and other Physics Publishers and Librarians with an opportunity to join forces to support and improve scholarly communication in physics.
"SGML is the center piece of the APS strategy to accept manuscripts electronically and to provide storage and delivery choices. With the advent of software, it is becoming feasible to make the SGML files of individual articles available for viewing. It is believed that, if we as publishers can agree on some degree of SGML standardization, the authors and readers will benefit. A common SGML approach will facilitate ease of integration of papers from multiple publishers at the library or reader level. A common SGML approach will facilitate the development of many authoring tools and reading choices." [from "The American Physical Society (APS) and the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)", see below]
"TORPEDO: As part of a cooperative experiment with the American Physical Society (APS), the Library is authorized to disseminate current issues of two APS journals, Physical Review Letters and Physical Review E through TORPEDO. Under the terms of the NRL-APS agreement, NRL employees, NRL on-site contractors and ONR Headquarters staff may search and view the journals and make single copies for personal use. Any other use of APS copyrighted material is not permitted."
"The APS is now in position to make Physical Review Letters available to the NRL Library in SGML format on a regular basis, thereby eliminating the need to scan and OCR the paper copies. Moreover, Physical Review E is now partially available in SGML and will soon be available entirely in SGML as well as all of Physical Review A through Physical Review D. While the EFS imaging system chosen by the Library for TORPEDO has no native support for SGML (EFS only supports CCITT Group IV TIFF files and ASCII), it does have support for third-party image, word processing, and SGML display applications. In fact, EFS can import files in almost any format and integrate all of them into one full-text and field searchable database. The Library is presently investigating the software viewers of several SGML product vendors for possible integration with TORPEDO." [from: InfoWeb: TORPEDO. The Optical Retrieval Project: Electronic Documents Online; see below]
"The AAS set out to produce an electronic version of its flagship publication, the Astrophysical Journal Letters (ApJ Letters), with the primary goal of enhancing the usefulness of the journal. Edited at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and published by the University of Chicago Press, this highly-regarded journal contains papers describing vital and current astrophysical research. Its short papers (approximately four print pages) and frequency of publication (every ten days) make this journal well-suited for electronic publication. . . The foundation of the electronic journal is a database of manuscript files tagged in Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). A document type definition (DTD) based on ISO 12083 identifies the structural elements in the articles (title, author, abstract, figure, etc.). By managing the database with such structural fields, the articles can be indexed, searched, and presented to the readers in variety of ways. For instance, it is relatively straightforward to produce a set of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) files from the SGML database, so it is easy to derive the journal's presentation format for the World Wide Web. . . AASTeX manuscripts are converted to SGML upon receipt at the publisher, and copy editing of the resultant SGML-tagged manuscripts is done on-line. The edited SGML-tagged files are converted by the compositor of the journal into a commercial typesetting system, and final pages are produced for the printed version, as well as PDF files of these pages..." [From: "Closing the Digital Information-Knowledge Continuum" (below)]
- Presentation at SGML '96: "SGML and The Astrophysical Journal: A Case Study in Scholarly and Scientific Publishing,", by Evan Owens, Electronic Publishing Manager, Journals Division, The University of Chicago Press. <quote> The Astrophysical Journal, published by the University of Chicago Press for the American Astronomical Society, is a large and complex scientific journal of over 25,000 pages per year. It has extensive mathematics, enormous tables, and tens of thousands of illustrations. We have successfully re-engineered the production system to be SGML based, including on-screen SGML copy editing, exporting SGML for conventional typesetting, and producing an online HTML edition from our SGML archive </quote>
- Progress in Electronic Publishing within the AAS
- The American Astronomical Society (AAS) Home Page
- AAS Electronic Publishing, Peter B. Boyce, 11/18/96; [mirror copy]
- Boyce, PeterIt's Not Your Father's Journal. Links, Permanence and Process: Three Secrets to Electronic Publishing. Presented at the Symposium "Beyond Print: Scholarly Publishing and Communication in the Electronic Environent." September 26-27, 1997. University of Toronto at Scarborough. See the document abstract.
- A Successful Electronic Scholarly Journal From a Small Society, by Peter B. Boyce
- "Closing the Digital Information-Knowledge Continuum in Astronomy: The Electronic Astrophysical Journal Letters", by Heather Dalterio and Peter B. Boyce (American Astronomical Society) and Chris Biemesderfer (Ferberts Associates)
- "Translation Software and The Astrophysical Journal", by Evan Owens
- The Electronic Astrophysical Journal Letters Project, by Heather J. Dalterio et al.; [mirror copy]
From Tim Ingoldsby (link below): "Having electronic versions of all page elements is only the first step in producing an electronic product. Information must be available in the correct electronic format. For EJO/Guidon, that means text (including equations and tables) in Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), line art in Tagged Image File Format (TIFF), and photographs in the new standard known as JPEG, for Joint Photographic Experts Group. For AIP, these requirements have meant development of translation software to convert Xyvision files into SGML, changes to the line-art scanning procedures to support different scanning resolutions required for screen display, and incorporation of batch programs to convert halftone files from the TIFF greyscale used by Xyvision into JPEG required by OCLC. Changes have also been made to the copy-marking and keyboarding process, to incorporate the necessary tags to identify hypertext links."
"The SGML translation process is further complicated by the need to agree on a particular Document Type Definition (DTD), which describes the content of a particular form of document (in this instance, the scholarly journal article). Fortunately, there exists a DTD, ISO12083, that is being embraced by the international physics publishing community. AIP and OCLC have agreed to use this DTD for APL Online, rather than develop another, highly specialized DTD."
See also: Archiving, SGML, and Postscript: "Journal issues are archived following release to printer: File format is Xyvision input code with TIFF graphics. For those journals with digitized graphics, the entire issue is also available in PostScript format. Also available soon are the article files with SGML coding in place of Xycode. SGML files conform to the standard 12083 DTD.'
"In June, 1996, the American Institute of Physics (AIP) made a decision to distribute all of its journals online via the World Wide Web. The following six months were spent developing an online journal publishing system that would combine state-of-the-art Web technology for secure and authenticated subscriber access with the journal article files that were already prepared in SGML format. AIP also decided to use the contents of the SPIN (Searchable Physics Information Notices) bibliographic database as a searchable front-end for the online journal. In January 1997, AIP successfully launched the Online Journal Publishing Service (OJPS). [from: "Web News. Online Journal Publishing at the American Institute of Physics." By Peggy Judd, Director of Information Technology and Products, American Institute of Physics.]
- "The American Physical Society (APS) and the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)" [mirror copy]
- InfoWeb: TORPEDO. The Optical Retrieval Project: Electronic Documents Online
- AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY Home Page
- Extract from the Figit Periodicals Digitisation Study
- Atkinson, Roderick D., and Laurie E. Stackpole. "TORPEDO: Networked Access to Full-Text and Page-Image Representations of Physics Journals and Technical Reports." The Public-Access Computer Systems Review 6, no. 3 (1995): 6-15: gopher://info.lib.uh.edu/00/articles/e-journals/uhlibrary/pacsreview/v6/n3/atkinson.6n3 [mirror]
- APS SGML Discussion by subject: http://publish.aps.org/archives/sgml/subject.html
- AIP Home Page
- AIP'S APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS ONLINE: COMING IN JANUARY by Tim Ingoldsby, Director, New Product Development, AIP (Reprinted with kind permission from Computers in Physics, Vol.8, No. 4, pp. 398-401, July/August 1994). [mirror, partial links
- Paper by Stuart Weibel [Mirror copy: weibel_www_paper.html]
- See also: "Electronic Publishing Increasingly Offered As Alternative To Print Medium", Stu Borman, Chemical & Engineering News, March 27, 1995 [mirror copy]
[CR: 19951201] [Table of Contents]
A significant body of research has been done at GMD-IPSI (Institute for Integrated Publication and Information Systems) investigating the use of SGML with object-oriented database systems for electronic publishing. The principal project is HyperStorM: "Using Object-Oriented Database Technology in Innovative Publishing Applications." A large number of technical reports and published documents are available online. Excerpts follow (from the project overview) describing these researches.
"The objective of the project HyperStorM (Hypermedia Document Storage and Modelling) is to investigate the use of advanced object-oriented DBMS technology for the storage needs in hypermedia publishing applications. We focus on the different systems and concepts which are under development at GMD-IPSI, e.g. in its department OCEAN the cooperative hypermedia authoring tool SEPIA and the versioningconcepts of CoVer and in its department MIPP the electronic journal MultiMediaForum.
"We use the object-oriented DBMS prototype VODAK as a testbed. A document database (D-STREAT) open to the different applications is developed and to this end the utilization of standards like SGML and HyTime is considered. Particular attention is paid to the integration of information retrieval functionality into the hypermedia document base. We prove the appropriateness of VODAK as database platform for publishing systems and identify new requirements for the VODAK system. From another perspective, an objective is to support the integration of the systems developed at IPSI. In more detail, the project comprises the following activities: (1) Administering SGML documents of arbitrary types. An interactive online journal runs as an application on top. (2) Integrating VODAK as the underlying storage system for the hypermedia authoring tool SEPIA."
- HyperStorM Main Page
- MultiMedia Forum (MMF) SGML Documents
- DIMSYS Research Division Homepage
- DIMSYS reports / Index
- DIMSYS reports from Perl search [on SGML]
[CR: 19960312] [Table of Contents]
"The purpose of the MERS project is to develop and demonstrate an interchange standard for the electronic exchange of pharmaceutical regulatory information based on existing de jure information standards."
"The MERS project was initiated on January 31,1994 at a meeting between representatives of the FDA, HPB and PharmaSoft (a consultant to the MPA on IT technology) at FDA headquarters in Rockville, Maryland. Meeting participants discussed and explored common interests in the application of SGML technology to the development of an international standards-based electronic submission. SGML is an international standard for electronic document interchange (ISO 8879, US Federal Information Processing Standard FIPS 152, Canadian Treasury Board Standard TBITS-14). The Quality (Chemistry and Manufacturing, CMC) section of the submission was identified as the initial part of the submission to prototype since the Quality section is technically complex and relatively compact. A draft data model was developed at the working group meeting held in Ottawa, Canada in October of 1994. Four meetings have been held since October 1994 between the participants to develop, define and refine the necessary Document Type Definitions (DTDs) for the development of a non-proprietary SGML- based Quality submission, with InfoDesign (USA, Canada) and PharmaSoft (Sweden) providing technical expertise.
"At the working group meeting hosted by the MPA in Uppsala, Sweden, July 24-27, 1995, the draft data model was further refined and a prototype DTD was prepared. This prototype DTD will be tested with simulated regulatory submissions. This prototype solution will be completed in 1995/96 and tested across multiple environments to assure cross-platform / software portability and implementation independence. The outcome of this phase will provide essential experience for prototyping DTDs for the clinical and safety sections."
- MERS Project (pharmaceutical regulatory information) [mirror]
- Dr. Bob Kapitany, Health Canada
- Dr. Carl Berninger, US FDA
- PharmaSoft Newsletter[Example:] "Uno Liljedahl is our new Project Manager. Uno is a pharmacist and came to us from Serono. Christian Wallgren joined PharmaSofts SGML center, in other words he is PharmaSofts SGML specialists. Christian has amongst other things developed many SGML applications."
- Other information about SGML and pharmaceuticals: [need general info and entry]
- [a couple links]
[CR: 19980513] [Table of Contents]
docs.sun is an online documentation system from Sun Microsystems, based upon AnswerBook2 technology. AnswerBook2 based upon SGML. The AnswerBook2 product implements a strategy for encoding source docments in SGML and delivering them online via a Web browser.
"The docs.sun.com service from Sun stores information in a compiled SGML format and can deliver either XML or HTML data dynamically, according to requests from a client." See for example the docs.sun.com XML documents for display with Mozilla source: TocView.xml and disability.xml.
The paper written by Eduardo Gutentag and Jeff Suttor for SGML Europe '97 (referenced below) supplies background to the emerging 'AnswerBook2 based upon SGML.' As of Spring 1997, Sun was three years into a major effort to redesign its documentation system using SGML. The DTD selected for use was a thoroughly reworked and customized version of the DocBook DTD: one that "became known as Solbook DTD version 1.0, which is a true subset of the Docbook DTD, designed for authoring, but also designed to ensure that whatever documents are written with it are readable as Docbook 2.4.1 documents." Other aspects of the migration to SGML are described, as noted in the paper's abstract.
Adapted abstract: "Sun is three years into a large project that radically revamps its online document creation, management and delivery system, from a proprietary product to an open SGML system designed to meet all current needs, including XML and Java, as well as whatever the future might bring. The goals are deceptively simple: take the writers' documents and, with a minimum of processing, package them and make them available to all users; support links not only within the books but also between books, independently of where the books are ultimately located; execute context driven searches; support user manipulation of contents of book collections and installation wherever they wish; enable viewing books outside of the Solaris environment - and we want, finally, for anybody to be able to publish their own books within this environment.
"A decision was made, very early in the process, to migrate to an SGML-based delivery process, and, following consultations with others in the industry and our own research, we also decided to migrate our authoring environment and tools to SGML, rather than continue using a third party proprietary product, so as to avoid the painful problems associated with multiple conversions. Three processes were put in place: conversion/authoring, production, and delivery vehicles.
The case study presented in the SGML Europe '97 paper concentrates on: "1) how we arrived at our DTD; 2) how SunSoft decided on an editing tool; 3) how inter-book linking in the absence of standard URNs is accomplished; 4) how books are delivered over the Net, including multiple HTML formats; 5) print-on-demand; 6) I18N/L10N; and 7) what is the relationship between all of the above and the so-called 'production process', which controls both the automatic production of collections, and the repository/database where all meta-information is maintained?"
- docs.sun Main Page
- Eduardo Gutentag and Jeff Suttor, "The Evolution of Sun's AnswerBooks: A Case Study. Report from the Trenches." Pages 283-291 in SGML '97 Conference Proceedings. GCA, 1997. The source for this document is available in SGML and Postscript format, kindly supplied by the authors.
- "XML hot from the oven." By Jon Bosak. Excerpt: "Sun [is now] serving XML as an experimental alternative data format from its corporate document server, docs.sun.com. Documents in the SGML repository at docs.sun.com are autochunked and converted on the fly to XML. This simply mirrors the server's primary function of converting SGML on the fly to HTML..."
- XML documents for display with Mozilla source: TocView.xml and disability.xml.
[CR: 19990415] [Table of Contents]
[April 15, 1999] See now: The Data Documentation Initiative as an XML Application
The Data Documentation Initiative is "a Proposal for an SGML Document Type Definition for Data Documentation," sponsored by ICPSR (The Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research). ICPSR, "located within the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, is a membership-based, not-for-profit organization serving member colleges and universities in the United States and abroad."
"The international social science community of researchers and archivists has long felt a need for a new structured codebook standard to replace OSIRIS, but no universally-supported standard has yet emerged. Accordingly, in May 1995 Richard Rockwell, Executive Director of the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, established a committee to develop a Document Type Definition (DTD) for an international codebook standard using Standard Generalized Markup Language, or SGML. . .SGML documents on the Internet can be linked and accessed through hypermedia tools, and social science codebooks marked up in SGML can take advantage of the enhanced functionality the World Wide Web affords. Because of their structured and encoded nature, SGML codebooks will also lend themselves to the production of data definition statements for SAS, SPSS, and other analysis software. This standard will be structured yet flexible and will permit Internet browsing and the generation of SAS and SPSS data definition statements. Further information about the standard and the codebook elements included in it will be forthcoming. When the DTD (Document Type Definition) for the codebook standard is completed and accepted, ICPSR will encourage data depositors to submit codebooks marked up in SGML according to the specifications of the DTD."
- Home Page
- Proposed Structure of the Document Type Definition for Data Documentation
- Sample marked up document; [mirror copy]
- Codebook Header as a sample encoding; [mirror copy]
- SGML Codebook Initiative Committee Members
- Hierarchical Structure of the Proposed Data Documentation DTD; [mirror copy]
The University of Michigan
Institute for Social Research
P.O. Box 1248
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1248
Telephone: (313) 764-2570
FAX: (313) 764-8041
Email: Mary Vardigan, firstname.lastname@example.org, or
Email: John Brandt, John.Brandt@umich.edu
[CR: 19960324] [Table of Contents]
The researches of the Joint Electronic Document Interchange project are managed through the Division Of Learning Development Research Group at De Monfort University Leicester, the Computer Science at University College London, and the Document Interchange project at UKERNA.
"The project will analyse the current international and industry de facto standards that are in use for electronic document creation, transfer and presentation. The project will identify the set of common elements that will allow the conversion of both logical and layout aspects of a document. The project will also include the design and implementation of a conversion tool that will allow multiple common formats to be converted into SGML and DSSSL Lite formats. The SGML and DSSSL Lite documents will then be able to be viewed using a WWW type browser that will be available for common computer platforms." [from the DMU EDI proposal]
"The project and its aims: The Joint Electronic Document Interchange (JEDI) project emanates from the call for proposals by UKERNA in September 1994 for Electronic Document Interchange projects. JEDI is studying the popular formats for word processing that exist in both academic and commercial environments. The project aims to identify format conversion methods for popular de facto standards and their relationship with internationally recognised standards such SGML and ODA. The work on SGML converters is being performed at De Montfort University (DMU), while the work on ODA, WWW, electronic mail, and database access is being performed at University College London (UCL). This explains the Joint part in the project title's acronym."
"The DMU work consists of identifying known format conversion techniques and establishing methods by which popular word processing formats can be converted to SGML and related style sheet formats for presentation. It was hoped to utilise the Document Style Semantics Specification Language (DSSSL) Lite standard , but delays in its release and its limited support by computer software manufacturers have prevented this. In order to demonstrate the concepts of word-processing conversion to SGML the project has chosen the style sheet language of Panorama from SoftQuad ." [from Deliverable #3, see below]
The JEDI project has concluded that "SGML is ideally suited for EDI as it is text based and is platform and operating system independent. For SGML to be "presented" it must have a style sheet mechanism that is also text based. The style sheet approaches we have studied all conform to this criterion. The Panorama style sheet can be generated from any text based editor or from within Panorama. They are flexible and readable whilst being comprehensive. It is possible for Panorama style sheets to be created for any DTD. The JEDI project will concentrate on the TEI Lite and Rainbow DTDs. The Arena style sheet mechanism is similar to Panorama's approach but concentrates on the HTML 3.0 DTD only. The DSSSL style sheet mechanism is the prefered one for future development as it is an ISO standard. Unfortunately its acceptance by software manufacturers has been slow to materialise." [rom deliveralbe 3, Conclusions.
- JEDI WWW Server
- "Structured Document Interchange, Sharing And Storing" (The original EDI (Electronic Document Interchange) proposal from UKERNA, September 1994. [mirror copy]
- "Proposal: Standardised electronic document interchange using SGML and DSSSL Lite Summary" (UKERNA Technology Programme. Call for Proposals: Electronic Document Interchange. Proposer: De Montfort University. [mirror copy]
- DMU-JEDI deliverable 3 - Style Sheet and DTD Analysis Report Version 1.0. March 1996. By A. Gartland and D. Houghton. "This report provides an introduction into the use of style sheets for use with SGML documents. The report concentrates on the practical application of style sheets that are in common use and studies in detail the style sheet mechanisms that are used by Panorama and Arena HTML 3.0. The report defines the SGML DTDs to be used in the study. These are: (1) The Text Encoding Initiative; (2) Electronic Book Technologies (Rainbow); (3) Internet Engineering Task Force (HTML 3)." [mirror copy, text format, or Postscript format]
[CR: 19981015] [Table of Contents]
"Earth Interactions: An Electronic Journal Serving the Earth System Science Community. . .The effort represents a collaboration between five scientific societies (AGU, AMS, AAG, ESA, and TOS), and NASA since 1992. An overview document describes the mission of the journal, the technical model for the peer-review process, the technical model for delivery of the journal, special features of the journal, and aspects of the economic model. The electronic journal that grew out of this extensive planning effort is a collaborative effort in which the American Geophysical Union (AGU) and the Association of American Geographers (AAG) are joining with the American Meteorological Society (AMS) as copublishers. The Oceanography Society (TOS) and the Ecological Society of America (ESA) have cooperated in the planning of this journal, as well. Individual articles within the journal will be coded in Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) rather than HTML and will be viewable by an SGML Web viewer that can be launched from the standard Web browser." [adapted from the Home Page]
In October 1998, the American Meteorological Society (AMS) won an award from InfoWorld for innovation in technology: "Instead of watching the skies, the AMS watched its journals move from print-only versions into multimedia creations with a little help from Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). As manuscripts are entered into the system, SGML automatically is implemented to make the text multimedia-ready. Because the AMS wanted everyone to have easy access to its information, it compiles its journals onto CD-ROMs at the end of each year for easy reference. The AMS also created an Internet-only publication to support articles that cannot be reduced to print form, such as stories with sound or movie clips."
- Earth Interactions Main Page
- Earth Interactions: An Electronic Journal Serving the Earth System Science CommunityBulletin of the American Meteorological Society, September, 1996. By Keith L. Seitter (American Meteorological Society) and Judy Holoviak (American Geophysical Union); [mirror copy]
- Earth Interactions Home Page
- Earth Interactions: Frequently Asked Questions
- Earth Interactions Style Guide for Manuscript Submissions
- Sample article
- Earth Interactions Editorial Board
Eric J. Barron, Editor in Chief
Earth System Science Center
Pennsylvania State University
Deike Bldg Rm 248
University Park, PA 16802, USA
[CR: 20000621] [Table of Contents]
"The new SGML-based standard project, "Topic Navigation Maps" (ISO 13250), due at the end of 1998, aims at representing thesauri, as well as glossaries, indexes and cross-references. This standard represents a general way to represent link-based information, and does not enforce use of specific authority keywords, which is left to user communities to define. The two co-editors of this standard are Martin Bryan and Michel Biezunski." [adapted from a posting of Michel Biezunski to CTS]
Additional references are available in the separate document "(XML) Topic Maps."
[March 10, 1999] Steve Pepper (STEP Infotek AS, and Acting convenor, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC34, WG3 [Information Association]) reported on the TNM mailing list that the Final CD Text for ISO/IEC 13250 Topic Navigation Maps which went out for voting in late October 1998 has now passed its ballot. Comments will be resolved before the publication of the IS. This ISO standard is being co-edited by Michel Biezunski, Martin Bryan, and Steven R. Newcomb.
[January 19, 1999] Michel Biezunski announced a GCA Topic Map Workshop, to be held in Alexandria, VA, March 2-3, 1998. The Topic Map standard (ISO 13250) is 'an application of SGML/XML for managing knowledge databases, (formerly known as indexes, glossaries, thesauri or library catalogs, and the like). The standard is being processed for publication, due in Spring 1999. Details on the workshop price, registration, content, may be found at www.infoloom.com/workshop.htm.
[November 23, 1998] As acting convenor of ISO/IEC JTC1/SC34 WG3, Eliot Kimber has issued a request for comments on the draft Topic Navigation Map (Topic Map) standard, ISO/IEC 13250, which is now out for ballot to become a final committee draft (CD). Eliot says: "The Topic Map standard is similar to RDF in some ways (but has an essentially different focus and intended domain of application). It is also designed to be implementable using Xlink. It defines a relatively simple (but still powerful) approach to representing rich relationships among information objects. If you are working with Xlink, especially extended links, or thinking about how you might use them productively, I urge you to take a look at the standard." The draft is available in HTML, SGML, and PDF formats.
[May 27, 1999] "Using ISO/IEC 13250 Topic Maps to Create The OII Knowledge Base." By Martin Bryan (The SGML Centre). May 1999. "To test and demonstrate the concepts in ISO/IEC 13250, the Topic Map standard, I have attempted to create a knowledge base that relates to one part of the Open Information Interchange (OII) web site that I maintain for the European Commission. I took as my example the section related to Document Interchange Standards, mainly because this is an example of a highly incestuous set of related standards, where associations play a key role. One of the things I wanted to do was to test how a Topic Map could be defined using XML rather than an HyTime-aware engine. (A related issue was how easy it would be to convert the existing HTML pages on the OII site to XML.) I also wanted to test how easy it was to create a displayable version of a topic map using an XML browser. As there are no XSL FO object browsers around at present I decided to use RivCom's RivComet plug-in to test the concept."
[September 21, 1998] Michel Biezunski announced the availability of a new "extensively revised" Committee Draft (CD) version of the Topic Navigation Maps Standard. The text constitutes material that is to be processed as a final Committee Draft, DIS, and ISO in the ISO SC34 committee. The document is available in HTML and PDF formats. This ISO/IEC 13250 Committee Draft version (21 September 1998) has been edited by Michel Biezunski, Martin Bryan, and Steven R. Newcomb.
"Topic Maps" have to do with "Indexes, Glossaries, Thesauri, Cross-references, and Tables of contents for Electronic Documents." According to Michel Biezunski of HighText, "Topic Navigation Maps is a HyTime-derived architecture. It is the first application that provides user-defined semantics and supports multiple document navigation. Users can create and maintain consistent electronic indices, glossaries, thesauri and tables of contents for multiple heterogeneous documents. Potential uses are: highly enriched technical documentation, Web management, database publishing, library cataloging, etc." [extracted from a tutorial description]
"The Topic Map Architecture has been developed first within the Davenport Group (1992-1993) where it was then known as the SOFABED (Standard Open Formal Architecture for Browsable Electronic Documents), then became part of the CApH activity and has been proposed as a new project for international standard by the ISO/IEC JTC1/SC18/WG8 in May 1996." [from the "History of the Topic Map Architecture", see below]
- Topic Navigation Maps Web Site 1998-10-05.
- Topic Maps Web Site from STEP UK
- Former TNM Web site - High Text
- ISO/IEC FCD 13250:1999 - The Topic Maps Standard.
- ISO/IEC 13250 Committee Draft version (21 September 1998): HTML and PDF formats. Local archive copies: [HTML] and [PDF].
- [May 11, 1999] Topic Map Sample from the GCA XML Europe '99 Conference. Michel Biezunski has prepared a sample Topic Map application from an extract of the CDROM which contains the GCA XML Europe '99 Conference proceedings. The Topic Navigation Map standard (ISO/IEC 132 Topic Maps 50) was one of the "hot topics" at the Europe '99 Conference. Topic Maps standardize "a notation for interchangeably representing information about the structure of information resources used to define topics, and the relationships between topics. A topic consists of locations where information relevant to a particular concept can be found. A set of one or more interrelated documents that employs the notation defined by this Standard is called a Topic Navigation Map (TNM). In general, the structural information conveyed by TNMs includes: (1) groupings of addressable information objects. Objects so grouped are said to form a topic (or,are said to share the semantics of the topic). (2) relationships between topics (associations)." The extract/sample prepared by Biezunski contains five articles related to topic maps and groves. This topic map application has been published using Topic Map Loom, also used to deliver the conference proceedings on CDROM (along with an Inso DynaText format). Two of the presentations in the sample introduce the new topic map standard, and provide excellent tutorials. Note that the revised text of Topic Navigation Map standard has been approved by SC34/WG3. Steve Pepper, (Convenor, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 34/WG 3) recently indicated that "the standard will be sent out for its final two month ballot very shortly; if all goes well the standard will be official some time in July .
- [January 27, 2000] ""STEP previews X2X link manager. Resolves SGML/XML-encoded links, topic maps into HTML." By Liora Alschuler and Mark Walter. In The Seybold Report on Internet Publishing [ISSN: 1090-4808] Volume 4, Number 5 (January 2000), page 29. STEP UK (www.stepuk.com), the British integration arm of XML specialist STEP, has announced the beta program for X2X, an engine that creates, manages and manipulates XML-encoded hyperlink references. X2X and its link database sit outside of the linked files and do not require source files to be modified. The engine can run as a stand-alone application, or it can be integrated into editors, batch processors and Web server components. It has a socket interface to its server API. X2X runs on a server, taking XML or SGML files with links and resolving them with its link database, which can be any ODBC/JDBC-enabled database. The delivered results can be encoded in HTML or XML. X2X also has a "Links Base View" that allows users to edit the links in the repository. The impetus for the product is that large number of links and long files require link management outside of the source and target files to avoid overloading memory and allow the linking of read-only resources. STEP UK (which is made up of former employees of the now-defunct Database Publishing Systems) originally designed X2X to help customers locate and access topic map resources. But customers liked the functionality so much that Step created a general link management engine that works for XLink and HyTime links as well as topic maps."
- [July 16, 1999] Geir O. Grønmo has posted an announcement for the release of tmproc version 0.20. tmproc is an implementation of the new international standard ISO/IEC 13250 Topic Maps. tmproc is written in Python, and should work on any platform to which Python have been ported - including the Java Platform. The tmproc application features (1) Import, export, query and manipulation of Topic Maps; (2) a full set of extensible topic map classes with clearly defined interfaces; (3) optional architectural processing; (4) introduction and reference documentation; (5) statistical and information printing classes; (6) a command line utility for interactive exploration. New features in tmproc version 0.20 include: (1) support for the final release of the Topic Maps standard; (2) minor bugfixes, and (3) the application works with the Java Platform (JPython). The tool requires Python 1.5.1 or newer, an SGML/XML parser with a SAX driver, SAX for Python, and xmlarch 0.25 [optional unless architectural processing is needed]." Also available: an introduction to Topic Maps processing with tmproc, and the reference documentation for the Python classes. Suggestions and bug reports should be sent to: email@example.com.
- [March 23, 1999] Geir Ove Grønmo of STEP Infotek as has announced a 'first release' of tmproc, intended as a technology preview. tmproc is an implementation of the new international standard ISO/IEC 13250 Topic Maps. tmproc is written in Python, and it should work on any platform to which Python have been ported. tmproc is a set of classes that represents a framework for doing topic map processing in Python. Features in this release: (1) Import, export, query and manipulation of topic maps; (2) Full set of extensible topic map classes with clearly defined interfaces. Association, AssociationRole, Facet, FacetValue, Locator, Occurrence, Topic, TopicMap, TopicMapFactory and TopicName; (3) Access to data in topic map objects using getter and setter methods; (4) Get types including transitive types of topics, associations and facets; (5) Get objects [e.g. topics, associations and facets] that are of given types or more specific types; (6) Get objects [e.g. associations] that exists in a scope or in any of the scopes' subscopes; (7) Optional architectural processing [requires xmlarch]; (8) Introduction and reference documentation." Note, in this connection, that Grønmo has released a new version of xmlarch [0.25] - An XML Architectural Forms Processor.
- [January 22, 1998] Draft version of "ISO/IEC CD 13250" from January 22, 1998. This new draft version of "ISO/IEC CD 13250" is accessible from the primary Web site for Topic Navigation Maps, together with the October 1997 version and other resources. According to a communique from Michel Biezunski of High Text (co-editor, with Martin Bryan), the revised version represents a "proposed simplification" of the previous CD 13250 document which includes "1) an introduction of the filter mechanisms through hyperlinks; 2) a description of hyperlinks in terms of varlinks; 3) a new mechanism for localization purposes; 4) new basic examples of the use of varlink to describe topic map constructs." [local archive copy]
- [December 07, 1997] The editors of CD13250 Topic Navigation Maps were authorized to prepare a new text and send it to the JTC1 Secretariat for processing as a Final CD. For background information on the decision, see "Recommendations of the Alexandria Meeting" of WG4 (5 December 1997).
- [November 17, 1997] ISO/IEC CD CD 13250 Information Processing -- SGML Applications -- Topic Navigation Maps, on the WG4 server, as N1937; [local archive copy]
- ISO/IEC CD 13250
- Topic Maps Mailing List Archive
- Mailing List Archive
- Samples of Topic Maps
- Topic Map Presentation, XML Europe '99 - Granada "Euler, Topic Maps, and Revolution." Abstract from Steve Pepper.
- [September 22, 1998] "Managing Information Networks with Topic Maps." By Michel Biezunski (High Text). Presentation at SGML Europe 98, Paris, May 1998.
- Topic Navigation Maps - from the HyTime User's Group. Includes an example 'Topic Map: Plays of Shakespeare' demo created by Eliot Kimber. [local archive copy]
- General Introduction to Topic Mapping. SGML Europe 97, May 97. By Michel Biezunski.
- [June 26, 1997] Topic Navigation Map FAQ
- The Topic Navigation Map ISO Committee Draft, (CD 13250) from High Text server; [mirror copy]
- Extensions to Topic Navigation Map proposal
- [January 02, 1998] Slides provided by Michel Biezunski of High Text, from a presentation at SGML/XML '97: "Topic Map Update"; see: http://www.infoloom.com/tnm/tmarticl.htm
- [January 02, 1998] "Topic Navigation Maps - An Overview," by Martin Bryan. Published in International SGML Users' Group Newsletter 3/4 (October 1997) 8-11.
- History of the Topic Map Architecture , from High Text server
- [August 28, 1998] Bryan Bell (Frank Russell Company) and Michel Biezunski (High Text SARL) presented "Topic Maps and the Information Age" at the Metastructures 1998 Conference.
- Information Processing -- SGML Applications -- Topic Navigation Maps. Document ref: WG8 N1860. [mirror copy]
- Summary of Voting on SC 18 N 5397, ISO/IEC CD 13250, Information Processing - SGML Applications - Topic Navigation Maps [96-11-07]; [mirror copy]
- [November 24, 1998] A sample topic map has been installed on the HyTime User's Group Web site; "this map should work with Fujitsu's latest HyBrick distribution. The sample demonstrates the Topic Map ideas and demonstrates the use of Xlink and Xpointers, in particular, using out-of-line extended links." [Kimber]
- Presentation on Topic Maps by Lois Delcambre, at the Third International HyTime Conference
- Structured Maps: Modeling Explicit Semantics over a Universe of Information, by Lois Delcambre (HyTime Conference Paper), [mirror copy, partial links only]
- Seminar on CApH Topic Navigation Maps (Report, by Martin Bryan) ; [mirror copy]
- EnLIGHTeN: application based on the Topic Map Architecture, from High Text
- Topic Navigation Maps A proposed set of extended architectural forms for the definition of topic navigation maps, from The SGML Centre; [mirror copy]
- Description of Topic Navigation Maps used at Electricité de France in the Electronic Library Project (from Christophe ESPERT)
- ISO/IEC JTC1/SC18/WG8 N 1860. Information Processing -- SGML Applications -- Topic Navigation Maps; [mirror copy]
- Topic Maps seminar, from TechnoTeacher
- Martin Hensel Corporation Consultants (with a "strong interest in DSSSL, Topic Maps (CApH) and most aspects of HyTime")
- Compare: "Ontology and Conceptual Knowledge Markup Languages" and the Virtual Hyperglossary (VHG) project.
[CR: 19960705] [Table of Contents]
Note: Information mapping in some contexts is said to be a general information management and delivery technology. Most of the following links reference a particular implementation(s) and provider(s). Check also with: Information Mapping, Inc., 300 Third Avenue, Waltham, MA 02154 (617) 890-7003).
- Information Mapping methodology
- Information Mapping Europe
- What is Information Mapping?
- IMAP DTDs
- The IMAP-DTD, by Paul Hermans [mirror copy, text only]
- Object-oriented information [and Information Mapping], by Steffen R. Frederiksen. Claim: "If you combine the Information Mapping method with SGML it will be possible to transform the corporate knowledge and information base from being one of the most expensive and most under-utilized assets into being one of the most important and most effective resources." [mirror copy]
- 1995 Information Mapping Europe DTD [mirror copy]
- Information Mapping Inc. (Waltham, MA)
- IM Technology Partners
- IM DTD was developed in 1994 by Poul Hermans from Protext [mirror copy]
[CR: 19970620] [Table of Contents]
A press release from Microsoft announced that "it has developed and submitted the industry's first Channel Definition Format (CDF) for push technology to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)." The Channel Definition Format is an application of the Extensible Markup Language (XML). The press release title: "Microsoft Leads Industry to Standardize on Formats for Internet Push Channels; Submits Channel Definition Format Specification to W3C. More Than 30 Leading Companies Rally Behind CDF as an Open Industry Specification For Optimizing the 'Broadcast' of Information to Millions of Internet Users."
"CDF is an open and easily authored format for the publishing of Web-standard channels that will allow Web publishers to optimize the broadcast of their content to millions of Internet users. . . CDF will be easy for Web developers to adopt because it is based on XML [emphasis added], which has support among many third parties. XML has public domain software written in Java and other languages available now that can be used to parse CDF files. The CDF specification submission extends XML and Web Collections work that the W3C has in progress. These efforts will allow for open, HTML-based Web broadcasting based on standards-based technologies that are expected to have strong support among W3C members. Microsoft looks forward to other leading Web developers joining in support of this open standards effort."
- Press release from Microsoft, [mirror copy]
- Channel Definition Format (CDF), by Castedo Ellerman, Microsoft Corporation [Version: March 21, 1997]; [mirror copy, March 21, 1997]; [mirror copy March 14, 1997]
- Microsoft submission request to W3C : "The Channel Definition Format"; [mirror copy]
- Channel Definition Format - Index Page from DataChannel
- Microsoft submission request to W3C : "XML Web Collections"; [mirror copy]
- Web Collections: A mechanism for grouping Web documents and site mapping: W3C WD-webmap-130297, Revision: 1.4; [mirror copy]
- SPRING INTERNET WORLD: HTML/XML, le schisme? "...A l'occasion du Spring Internet World, Microsoft propose CDF, un protocole pour standardiser le «Push Model» qui s'empare du Net. Surprise: derrière ce protocole s'en cache un autre, XML, un nouveau langage de description de pages Web. Microsoft le soutient, Netscape préfère l'ignorer..." (Article in Le Monde Informatique Number 714, 21 mars 1997, by Cyril Dhénin); [mirror copy, text only]
- DataChannel Announces Real-Time Channels Using Channel Definition Format (CDF) - Press release of April 29, 1997
- Microsoft FAQ on the Channel Definition Format [IE 4.0]; [mirror copy]
- See "Microsoft Pushes Channel Definition Format: Time To Standardize on Function, Not Format", The Seybold Report on Internet Publishing 1/8 (April 1997) 25. Summary: "We see no need to panic here; CDF is good news in the same way TIFF was. A common header allows published material to be differentiated where it should be -- on the basis of its content and not on its data format."
Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org (Castedo Ellerman, CDF Editor)
Open Financial Exchange (Based on XML/SGML)
[CR: 19990331] [Table of Contents]
"Microsoft, Intuit, and CheckFree have joined to develop an open specification for the online transfer of financial data. Open Financial Exchange (OFE) integrates Microsoft's Open Financial Connectivity, Intuit's OpenExchange, and CheckFree's electronic banking and payment protocols." . . The Open Financial Exchange specification essentially combines Microsoft's Open Financial Connectivity format and Intuit's OpenExchange format into one specification, enabling financial institutions and brokerage firms to implement online connectivity for Microsoft's and Intuit's personal financial management (PFM) software products." Features [to be] supported include: 1) Bank statement download; 2) Credit card statement download; 3) Funds transfers including recurring transfers; 4) Consumer payments, including recurring payments; 5) Business payments, including recurring payments; 6) Brokerage and mutual fund statement download, including transaction history, current holdings and balances; 7) Bill presentment and payment. Other companies have announced support for OFE, including: Vertigo Development Group, Inc., Syntellect Inc., Destiny Software Corporation, InteliData Technologies Corporation, Digital Insight, ULTRADATA Corporation, Online Resources & Communications Corp., etc.
[March 31, 1999] Note: As of Spring 1999, OXF and its related standards are being migrated to IFX. Ken Hobday (VP Product Strategy, CheckFree Corporation) is said to be co-chairing the IFX XML implementation working group for IFX with Microsoft.
"SGML is the basis for Open Financial Exchange. There is a DTD that formally defines the SGML wire format... The basis for Open Financial Exchange is the request and response model. One or more requests can be batched in a single file. This file typically includes a signon request and one or more service-specific requests. An FI server will process all of the requests and return a single response file. This batch model lends itself to Internet transport as well as other off-line transports. Both requests and responses are plain text files, formatted using a grammar based on Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). . . However, [XML connection] Open Financial Exchange is not completely SGML-compliant because the specification allows unrecognized tags to be present. It requires clients and servers to skip over the unrecognized material. That is, if <XYZ>qqq</XYZ> appeared and a client or server cannot recognize <XYZ>, the server should ignore that tag and its enclosed data. A fully-compliant SGML parser would not validate an Open Financial Exchange document if it contained any tags that the DTD does not define." [extracted from: Open Financial Exchange Specification 1.0, February 14, 1997]
In the FAQ document of May 1998, explicit reference is made to XML as a goal: in the changes from version 1.02 to 1.5, "Open Financial Exchange has made a move towards XML compatibility . . ."
- Open Financial Exchange Home Page
- See "Open Financial Exchange (OFX/OFE)" in the main XML document.
- [January 20, 1999] Open Financial Exchange DTD - in the version 1.5.1 documentation [local archive copy]
- OFX Specification
- OneStandard - Home Page
- Open Financial Exchange (OFX) Specification FAQ Updated May 10, 1998.
- Main Page (Microsoft)
- OFX DTD version 1.5 (archived 980514)
- OFX 1.5 documentation (PDF), archive copy - May 1998. Best to fetch the source from the canonical site
- Earlier DTD: Open Financial Exchange Document Type Definition (DTD) [mirror copy, April 25, 1997]
- News - Companies that are supporting OFE
- Open Financial Exchange Specification: Part 1, February 14, 1997, in HTML; officially: canonical .DOC (.ZIP) document format, or mirror copy
- Open Financial Exchange Specification: Part 2, February 14, 1997, in HTML; officially: canonical .DOC (.ZIP) document format, or mirror copy
- Open Financial Exchange Specification: Part 3, February 14, 1997, in HTML; officially: canonical .DOC (.ZIP) document format, or mirror copy
[CR: 19970623] [Table of Contents]
Netscape Communications announced a new proposed XML application. According to the notice on the Netscape Developer's page: "The Meta Content Framework, or MCF, provides a standard way to describe files or collections of information. A new Netsape document describes how to apply MCF using XML, the Extensible Markup Language."
A preliminary specifications document entitled "Meta Content Framework Using XML" written by R. V. Guha (Netscape Communications) and Tim Bray (Textuality) was formally submitted to W3C on June 6, 1997. It is said to "draw heavily from the knowledge representation work in AI. . .[and to] owe a lot to the MCF project at Apple." The document's abstract: "This document provides the specification for a data model for describing information organization structures (metadata) for collections of networked information. It also provides a syntax for the representation of instances of this data model using XML, the Extensible Markup Language."
- [June 22, 1997] Announcement from Tim Bray for an updated draft specification
- http://www.textuality.com/mcf/NOTE-MCF-XML.html; [spec mirror copy June 22, 1997]
- MCF tutorial at: http://www.textuality.com/mcf/MCF-tutorial.html; [mirror copy text only, June 22, 1997]
- "Netscape Proposes Metadata Framework", by Liora Alschuler. In WebWeek (June 23, 1997). [mirror copy]
- "Meta Content Framework Using XML" - from Textuality; [archive copy, June 12, 1997]
- "Meta Content Framework Using XML" - from Netscape; [archive copy, June 12, 1997]
[CR: 19990610] [Table of Contents]
The Corpus Legis project is sponsored by The Swedish Law & Informatics Research Institute. "The general aim of the Corpus Legis project is to establish a permanent, computerised legal text resource for legal and linguistic studies. The project was commenced in response to established needs for improved legal information retrieval methods and enhanced support for legal investigations of different subject matters. Other significant factors include the rapid growth of legal information, its internationalisation and the general need for European harmonisation as a result of European Community Law."
"Questions of legal document management are investigated by means of the international document representation standard SGML - Standard Generalized Markup Language. The corpus is divided into the following three main categories with corresponding DTD's (Document Type Definitions): Public national legal information [legis.dtd]; Public international legal information [compar.dtd]; Historical legal information [A modified version of parts of the Legis.dtd is currently in development]. The main part of the corpus (Legis.dtd) focuses on documents reflecting the system for lawmaking and individualized case law, e.g., government bills, laws, and cases decided by courts and administrative bodies. In addition, the corpus contains a sample of commercial legal documents and forms." [from the Brief Project Presentation]
Documents to be made publicly available (Autumn 1996) include a full project prospectus, "An International Comparative Perspective on using SGML for Legal Document Management" and "A Linguistic Perspective on using SGML for Legal Document Management." Principal investigators include: Cecilia Magnusson Sjöberg (project manager), Peter Seipel, Gunnel Källgren, Kristofer Franzén, Nils Rönström, Jan-Olof Sundell, Per-Erik Wejshammar, Donald Broady, Hasse Haitto, Georg Haider, Verena Sebald, and others.
A major project publication is Critical Factors in Legal Document Management: A Study of Standardised Markup Languages, by Cecilia Magnusson Sjöberg. Stockholm: Jure AB, 1998. ISBN: 91-7223-045-2. Extent: 458 pages. The book "is meant as a guide to modern handling of legal information with the aid of standardized markup languages, in response to the well-known need for sharpened tools for managing the rapidly growing amount of legal information in combination with transborder data flows, especially on the Internet. The SGML and XML international standards for document description are becoming increasingly important for the legal domain in these respects. The content is based on empirical results reached in the Corpus Legis Project. . ." See the the main bibliography entry for details.
- Home Page
- Brief Project Presentation
- Project Publications
- Principal Investigators
- Current Contact Addresses
- "The Comparative Part of the Corpus Legis Project - Using SGML for Intelligent Information Retrieval of Legal Documents." Authors: Haider, Georg; Magnusson Sjöberg, Cecilia; Quirchmayr, Gerald; Sebald, Verena. EXPERSYS-96, Artificial Intelligence Applications. J Zarka, E. Mercier-Laurent, D.L. Crabtree, M. Narasipuram. In: Technology Transfer Series. pp. 181-186. Editor: A. Niku-Lari. [local archive copy]
- DTD-development for the Legal Domain Presentation slides. By Cecilia Magnusson Sjöberg, Stockholms universitet
- DTD development for the legal domain. By Cecilia Magnusson Sjöberg. Abstract. [local archive copy w/ better link]
- The Corpus Legis Project. "Docware" in legal education. Cecilia Magnusson Sjöberg Fifth International Conference on Substantive Technology in Law School and Law Practice. Presentation Slides.
- The Swedish Law & Informatics Research Institute (IRI)
Cecilia Magnusson Sjöberg
The Swedish Law & Informatics Research Institute, Faculty of Law, Stockholm University
S-106 91 Stockholm, SWEDEN
The Swedish Law & Informatics Research Institute, Faculty of Law, Stockholm University,
S-106 91 Stockholm, SWEDEN
Tel.: +46 8/16 28 93
Fax: +46 8/612 90 72
[CR: 19971018] [Table of Contents]
The Centre de recherche en droit public at the Université de Montréal is pioneering the development of a number of information models and delivery methodologies for bringing "SGML and Law on the Infohighways." The project goals are to facilitate the distribution of a large corpus of judicial and administrative documents based upon SGML encoding, including Internet delivery. A number of draft DTDs have been created for encoding statutes and laws applicable in Quebec.
The Web site hosts several online reference documents describing this effort, including highly significant papers delivered at a September 1995 conference, "SGML et Inforoutes pour la diffusion optimale de l'information gouvernementale et juridique" [Musée du Québec , Mercredi, le 27 septembre 1995]. Conference presenters included Marc-André LEDOUX, Denis LÉVESQUE, Yves MARCOUX, Michel PAQUETTE, Richard PARENT, Daniel POULIN, and Yvette HENRY ROUSSEAU.
- Home Page [English]
- Inforoute et SGML pour le droit (Automate pour le droit)
- Home Page [French]
- XMarkup DTD [mirror copy]
- DTD publique LOIS du QUÉBEC [mirror copy]
- DTD publique REGLEMENTS du QUÉBEC; [mirror copy]
- Le SGML et son intérêt pour la gestion des documents juridiques, by Daniel Poulin. From CyberNews, Volume II No III Printemps 1996. [mirror copy]
- Échange électronique d'informations juridiques: expériences récentes et perspectives, by Daniel Poulin, Marc Tremblay et Serge Parisien [mirror copy]
- Une classe virtuelle pour l'enseignement des droit fondamentaux, by Daniel Poulin; [mirror copy]
- Conference papers, "SGML et Inforoutes pour la diffusion optimale de l'information gouvernementale et juridique" [Musée du Québec , Mercredi, le 27 septembre 1995],
- CRDP Project team
- See also Université de Montréal EBSI-GRDS
Centre de recherche en droit public (CRDP)
Université de Montréal
Faculté de droit
C.P. 6128, succ. Centre-ville
Montréal (Québec) H3C 3J7
Tel: (514) 343-7853
Email: email@example.com (Guy Huard)
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org (Daniel Poulin)
[CR: 19961120] [Table of Contents]
RMIT - MDS sponsors signiticant research in SGML editing and document database technologies. "The Multimedia Database Systems Group (MDS) at RMIT is one of Australia's leading centres of research in electronic document management. The group develops systems for document management and undertakes consultancies within the wider area of database management and information retrieval. The group consists of eighteen full-time staff, fourteen postgraduate students, and a number of summer students>"
SIM is one of the leading applications sponsored by RMIT - MDS. "The underlying technology for the SIM database has been developed at The University of Melbourne and RMIT (Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology) over many years. Research and development is now continuing at CITRI - the Collaborative Information Technology Research Institute, a joint venture between the two universities."
"ISO 8879 Standard Generalised Markup Language" (SGML) is another standard that is integral to the SIM architecture. SGML is a widely used standard for document interchange. By directly supporting the import and export of documents marked up in SGML, SIM automatically has access to a large range of text processing tools such as text editors, and translators that can convert text between a variety of word processing standards. Storing text in SGML format also means that the SIM retrieval engine has access to the structure of the documents as well as their contents. This structural information can be used to improve the processing of user queries and to determine the best ways to display a document."
"Another major project on information discovery, involving RMIT, Ferntree, CSIRO and The University of Melbourne was continued in 1995. The project is supported by the CRC for Intelligent Decision Systems. It is concerned with the development of technologies to efficiently integrate SGML text editors with the SIM database system. Support for the project, both in-kind from the participating organisations and from the CRC is nearly one million dollars per year for two years."
- The Structured Information Manager (SIM)
- The Multimedia Database Systems Group (MDS) at RMIT
- SIM - description
- RMIT- MDS
- MDS Research and Development Program
- RMIT - MDS Publications
- RMIT seeks development partner for SIM
- Contact: Ron Sacks-Davis
- See on the Contacts page: Ferntree Computer Corporation
The Multimedia Database Systems Group at RMIT (MDS)
723 Swanston St
Tel: +61 3 9282 2400
Fax: +61 3 9282 2490
[CR: 19961120] [Table of Contents]
"The EUROMATH project was funded through the SCIENCE programme of the European Union and administered through the European Mathematical Trust based at the University of Kent at Canterbury, UK. EUROMATH is a project to enhance research support for european mathematicians and to stimulate interchange among them by creating a research environment based on modern information technology. The project aims to produce both software and services."
A major goal of the EuroMath Project is the design and development of the EUROMATH Editor, part of the EUROMATH system. "The EUROMATH system is a homogeneous working environment adapted to the needs of the mathematician, based on a single data model. The system is designed to incorporate an editor capable of handling mathematical documents, accessing and creating mathematical databases, an electronic mail interface and computer algebra capability. The EUROMATH system is built upon the WYSIWYG approach and the full SGML-compatibility of the Grif SGML structured editor (also EUROMATH editor) developed by Grif SA, St. Quentin. Additional functionality (also EUROMATH applications) has been developed by a number of partners." Other partners in the development of the editor include: Fachinformationszentrum Karlsruhe (FIZ); Institut National de Researche en Informatique et en Automatique (INRIA), Grenoble; EUROMATH Centre. Copenhagen (EmC); Instituto Engenharia de Systemas e Computadores (INESC) Lisbon. EUROMATH version 2, a significant upgrade, was released in October 1996.
"The EUROMATH Editor is a structured editor which encodes documents in Standard Generalized Mark-up Language (SGML). . . EUROMATH is a WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) text editor with powerful mathmatics facilities, which include two methods formulae preparation. During editing, formulae are displayed on screen as they would appear on the printed page. The elements of a formula may be manipulated - moved, added or removed, and the result seen immediately by the author. Formulae can be constructed by selection from symbol palettes or, importantly, input as a LaTEX string and instantly converted to appear on screen in their final form. Changes can be made by directly manipulating the symbols or by swiftly converting the formula into a LaTEX string and editing that."
A bulletin ([part-mirror]) under the title Euromath Bulletin is sponsored by the European Mathematical Trust, and reports on all aspects of the Euromath Project. The current [November 1996] Chief editor is Stéphane Collart (email: email@example.com). The Bulletin itself is typeset with the Euromath Editor for mathematical texts. A recent issue of the bulletin (Volume 2, Number 1, June 1996) contains 204 pages and 21 articles (e.g., "Structured Search in Mathematical Documents," by Stéphane Collart and Gaston Gonnet; "Preparing for the Future: The New Euromath System," by Helmut Lenzing, Björn von Sydow and Richard M. Timoney).
- The European Mathematical Trust Describes the Euromath Project as an initiative, the management by the European Mathematical Trust, the participants, and the EUROMATH software; [mirror copy, partial links only]
- "The design of the Euromath system", by Björn von Sydow; [mirror copy]
- "Preparing for the Future: The New Euromath System," by Helmut Lenzing, Björn von Sydow and Richard M. Timoney; [mirror copy]
- Details on the Euromath Editor; [mirror copy]
- "About the Euromath Editor" "The Euromath Editor combines the best features of SGML and WYSIWYG editing"; [mirror copy]
- Euromath Statement (http://zenon.inria.fr/ERCIM/W4G/WS95/positions/Timoney.html)
- EmC (Danish Euromath Center) participation in the Euromath Editor
- Euromath Bulletin 1/2 online
- "Editing mathematics in the Euromath system", by Björn von Sydow. From Euromath Bulletin Volume 1, Number 2, April 1994, pages 17-23. [mirror copy]
- About the Euromath Project; [mirror copy]
- Euromath Support Center (Bratislava, Slovak Republic) [November 1996]; [mirror copy]
- See also: the main entry for "SGML and Math" in the SGML/XML Web Page
Ian Stone, European Mathematical Trust Secretary
University of Kent, CANTERBURY
Kent CT2 7NZ
Phone +44 227 764 000 (ext. 3229) (office)
Phone +44 227 361265 (home)
FAX +44 227 452 196
Phone: +45 35320705
Fax: +45 35320719
Euromath Support Center
Department of Computer Science
Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
842 15 Bratislava
Tel: +42-7-726 635
Fax: +42-7-727 041
WWW: Home Page
[CR: 19990712] [Table of Contents]
"Mathematical Markup Language, or MathML, is an XML application for describing mathematical expression structure and content. The goal of MathML is to enable mathematics to be served, received, and processed on the Web, just as HTML has enabled this functionality for text." [from the W3C Working Draft, WD-math-970515] The draft document issued by the working group calls for "content markup" (semantic notions, permitting evaluation of expressions, etc.) as well as presentation markup.
"Because of its extensibility and structure, XML is ideal for marking up complex and specialized data. Although large data base applications such as the health care, semiconductor, and aerospace industries are usually cited as motivating examples for XML, XML admirably serves the needs of MathML as well. In addition to its theoretical advantages, XML has garnered support from major browser vendors as well. Consequently, both on theoretical and pragmatic grounds, it makes a great deal of sense to specify MathML as an XML application, and we have done so." [introduction]
- W3C's Math Home Page
- Additional references: "Mathematical Markup Language" (main XML reference page)
- MathML Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) - W3C
- Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) 1.0 Specification. REC-MathML-19980407, W3C Recommendation 07-April-1998.
- [July 12, 1999] The W3C has released a revision of the 'REC-MathML-19980407' specification as Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) 1.01 Specification, REC-MathML-19990707. While these changes from the original version are "only editorial in nature," the present W3C Math Working Group is working on further improvements of MathML. In Appendix A, a "parseable, online version of the DTD has been added in addition to the preformatted HTML version. In addition, complete entity declarations have been added." The Mathematical Markup Language (MathML) 1.01 Specification "defines the Mathematical Markup Language, or MathML. MathML is an XML application for describing mathematical notation and capturing both its structure and content. The goal of MathML is to enable mathematics to be served, received, and processed on the Web, just as HTML has enabled this functionality for text. [The specification] begins with background information on mathematical notation, the problems it poses, and the philosophy underlying the solutions MathML proposes. MathML can be used to encode both mathematical notation and mathematical content. Twenty-eight of the MathML tags describe abstract notational structures, while another seventy-five provide a way of unambiguously specifying the intended meaning of an expression. Additional chapters discuss how the MathML content and presentation elements interact, and how MathML renderers might be implemented and should interact with browsers. Finally, this document addresses the issue of MathML entities (extended characters) and their relation to fonts."
- [August 06, 1997] Draft version: Mathematical Markup Language. W3C Working Draft. WD-math-970704 in HTML format. [mirror copy, HTML]. Also in Postscript format [archive copy, Postscript]
- [Draft May 15, 1997] [Overview] "Mathematical Markup Language", by editors Patrick Ion (Mathematical Reviews / American Mathematical Society) and Robert Miner (Geometry Center / University of Minnesota). W3C Working Draft, WD-math-970515. [mirror copy]
- HTML-Math WG page
- MathML DTD Fragment; [mirror copy, May 16, 1997]
- Operator Dictionary
- MathML Working Group Membership
- Discussion forum: firstname.lastname@example.org. Send the command 'subscribe' in the 'Subject: ' of the message to this address. See also the public archive for this mailing list [Message index of email@example.com mailing list].
- HTML-Math Working Group Charter
- MathML Resources from WebEQ
- Concordia University Computational Mathematics Laboratory [Note from Pankaj Kamthan, 1998-10-10.]
[CR: 20000809] [Table of Contents]
"SSML is an application of the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). The input is text-based and unconstrained in its use of words, but allows a large amount of extra information to be included with the text to guide the synthesis in its performance. The text is annotated with markers to specify features such as emphasis, particular speech styles, or the beginning of new topics." [from the thesis abstract of Amy Isard]
"The concept behined SSML was developed by Paul Taylor in 1992. After many delays, a first prototype was developed by Amy Isard and Paul in the summer of 1995. SSML version 1.0 is now fully incorperated into the Festival speech synthesis system, which is available for general use."
- Compare: "Speech Synthesis Markup Language Specification for the Speech Interface Framework."
- SSML Home Page
- SSML DTD Note: an extended SSML DTD is given on pages 45-46 of the thesis by Amy Isard (see below).
- "SSML: A Speech Synthesis Markup Language", a project description [mirror copy]
- Speech Synthesis Markup Language (SSML). Thesis in Postscript format, by Amy Isard, 1995. v + 53 pages. [mirror copy]
- "Speech Synthesis Markup Language (SSML)", thesis abstract, Amy Isard (Email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
- "SSML: a speech synthesis markup language", by P. A. Taylor and A. Isard. Paper delivered at the 2nd Speak! Workshop: "Speech generation in multimodal information systems and practical applications," November 2-3, 1995, IPSI-GMD, Darmstadt, 1995. [mirror copy]
- "SSML: A speech synthesis markup language", by P. A. Taylor. and A. Isard. To appear in Speech Communication. mirror copy
- Festival Speech Synthesis System Festival uses SSML; the Festival demo page includes a sample SSML document
Centre for Speech Technology Research (CSTR)
University of Edinburgh
80, South Bridge
Edinburgh EH1 1HN
Tel. +44 131 650 6358
Fax +44 131 650 6351
Paul Taylor - Email: Paul.Taylor@ed.ac.uk
[CR: 19980104] [Table of Contents]
"The SGML Technologies Group developed the EDIDOC server in the context of a project financed by the European Space Agency with the aim of facilitating the exchange of electronic documents between various partners of the Agency. The basic idea of the system is that every electronic information exchange is going through a unique machine and software called the EDIDOC server. The sender of a message only needs to send the message to EDIDOC; the server has the responsibility of forwarding it. Two dedicated SGML DTDs have been defined to structure the headers of the messages (one for the external plain envelope, one for the secured envelope). By means of this approach, EDIDOC messages carry a rich and flexible header which can be a vehicle of security, communication, format, workflow, compression, and packaging information. Standard email headers are much poorer and rigid."
"SGML DTDs have been established to structure the headers of the messages exchanged. Two headers have been defined: 1) a Security Header (ESH) which describes how and if the messages are enciphered and/or signed. This header is stored in clear at the beginning of messages; 2) a Header (EH) which contains all the informations about the message but the security scheme: this had to be split from the Security Header because the EH, stored in the 'secured envelope', is possibly enciphered. An additional DTD has been defined for the 'Partner definition' configuration request, which is stored in the body of the message when relevant."
- Electronic Data Interchange for Documents (White Paper)
- "Experience of EDI for Documents: The Role of SGML." By Philippe Vijghen. Presented at SGML/XML '97.
- The SGML Technologies Group: "Experience of EDI for Documents: The Role of SGML"
- "The EDIDOC project at the European Space Agency (ESA)." By Joseph Paris. In SGML BeLux Newsletter.
- EDIDOCWP 310 Report Authors: Sylvie Bescos (sb), Thierry Delhaye (td), Claude Leonard (cl), Eric Paesmans (epa), Philippe Vijghen (phv)
- DTDs of the Headers; [local archive copy]
- Information via email: email@example.com
[CR: 19970228] [Table of Contents]
EuropeMMM - Efficient Usage of Remote and Online Publication of Electronic MultiMedia Materials. The project began in January 1996, and will complete in December 1998. We are building upon the Hyperwave systems and SGML standards, and are developing both software to support the customisation and to support the catalogue. EuropeMMM will deliver Guidelines to the effectiveness of multimedia materials; reuse and re-purposing of material from a catalogue; standards; intellectual property rights and product pricing; procedures and skills needed for commercial publication."
"We are evaluating the process and its support in three cycles. The first evaluation takes place at Spermalie in Belgium, involving both staff and visually impaired students. In the second evaluation staff at the Open University in the UK and the Fernuniversitšt in Germany will supply material for a catalogue of English and German software engineering educational materials from which a small course will be developed collaboratively. The final demonstrator in Italy during the last twelve months will develop a course in the Telematics area, from reusable multimedia parts, involving staff and students at the Universities of Florence and Pisa."
"EuropeMMM is a Pilot Application (IE2044) funded by the Information Engineering programme of the European Union."
John Wiley & Sons Ltd
West Sussex PO19 1UD
Tel: +44 1243 770332
Fax: +44 1243 775878
[CR: 19971125] [Table of Contents]
OpenTag: "A Standard Extraction/Abstraction Text Format for Translation and NLP Tools." "International Language Engineering Corporation . . .[has] announced a proposal for an open standard for data interchange within the localization industry. By launching the OpenTag Initiative, ILE is seeking to establish a working group in which both localization customers and their suppliers can participate in defining a standard that will support open data encoding methods during the localization process, and permit robust data interchange between suppliers and customers. . . As part of the OpenTag Initiative, ILE will contribute a draft specification of the format, sample files, and reference materials, all based on previously proprietary ILE information and technology, to facilitate adoption of the initiative by the localization industry. This proposed standard itself relies on the international open standards of XML/SGML and Unicode."
- OpenTag Home Page
- [November 21, 1997]Announcement for OpenTag Version 1.0
- Press release for version 1
- [October 24, 1997] - Update of the OpenTag format specifications, and announcement for the OpenTag Development Kit
- What Is OpenTag?
- Press Release; [mirror copy]
- SGML DTD for OpenTag; [mirror copy]
- EBNF grammar for OpenTag
- Sample OpenTag file
- OpenTag Format Specifications; [mirror copy]
International Language Engineering Corporation
Tel: (303) 447-2363
[CR: 19991008] [Table of Contents]
"Scholars Press and the Emory University Libraries are involved in a three-year cooperative venture known as the SELA Journals Project (Scholars Press-Emory Library Linked Academy). Supported by a study grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the project involves taking four of the print journals published by sponsors of Scholars Press and preparing them for electronic distribution. The project will begin with the 1996 issues of each journal: the Journal of the American Academy of Religion, Semeia, Biblical Archaeologist, and Critical Review of Books in Religion. In addition, all of the back issues of Semeia will be made available in electronic format."
According to Jimmy Adair, Manager of Information Technology Services, Scholars Press: "Scholars Press is using TEI (actually TEI Lite) in our electronic journals project called SELA, in which we are converting four of our print journals into electronic format. Although only a preliminary version of one issue of one of the journals is now available, others should be ready soon." [from a posting to TEI-L: March 7, 1997]
[October 07, 1999] See now the follow-on "ATLA Serials Project (ATLAS)" which will use XML (TEI) encoding for a digital library.
- SELA: Journals Project (description)
- [April 02, 1999] SELA. From: "OFFLINE 64: Online Print Journal Collections and the Academic Study of Religion," published in Religious Studies News Volume 14, Number 1 (February 1999). American Academy of Religion and Society of Biblical Literature. Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press. See Offline Online!
- Sample document in SGML, prepared for display by Panorama: Journal of the American Academy of Religion, Spring 1996; [mirror copy, ZIP format]
TELA: The Electronically Linked Academy
P.O. Box 15399
Atlanta, GA 30333-0399
Jimmy Adair, TELA Manager of Information Technology Services. Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Patrick Durusau, TELA Associate Manager of Information Technology Services. Email email@example.com
[CR: 19970726] [Table of Contents]
"The Common Desktop Environment (CDE), based on Motif and X11, is recognized as the next-generation desktop. CDE was created by a group of UNIX vendors (Hewlett-Packard, Sun, IBM, and Novell) to consolidate all the UNIX desktop interfaces and to define a consistent user and development environment. . . The Help System provides a complete set of tools to develop online help for application software. It enables authors to write online help that includes graphics and text formatting, hyperlinks, and communication with the application. The Common Desktop Environment: Help System Author's and Programmer's Guide includes a 'Helptag' DTD: "The Helptag 1.3 DTD tag set and its associated rules are referred to as formal markup. The DTD conforms to the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) ISO specification 8879:1986. This means that you can use formal markup to create help files that are SGML compliant."
"CDE Help widgets are the most widely applicable. They handle navigation and interaction with application help volumes. Help is delivered with an application in the form of Semantic Description Language (SDL) files that have been compiled from a form of Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) files known as HelpTag. Both SDL and HelpTag are SGML Document Type-Descriptions (DTDs) tuned for different tasks. CDE Help features mixed text and graphics, hyper links, dynamic reformatting of text, and structured navigation capabilities. [from the Architectural Overview document]
- CDE- Common Desktop Environment: Help System Author's and Programmer's Guide. HelpTag 1.3 DTD; [mirror copy, partial links]
- Reading the HelpTag Document Type Definition, or from Siegen; [mirror copy, partial links]
- CDE/Motif Project- "On-line Information Access will include an SGML-based browser, the ability to display and print SGML documents, full text search and retrieval, and integration with the on-line help facility"
- Appendix A: HelpTag 1.3 DTD
- "CDE [Common Desktop Environment] Release 2.1"
[CR: 19980212] [Table of Contents]
GNUstep is a proposed public implementation of NeXTStep/OpenStep. "Why define a new documentation markup language when we already have a host of others, like HMTL, Texinfo, or TeX? The biggest reason is that no text markup language freely available to us is able to markup Objective-C method names satisfactorily."