[November 15, 2001] TIGERS "is a Work Group of Task Group 2, the Government Subcommittee sub-group that works on tax standards [Tax Information Interchange (TG2)]. TIGERS has been chartered to discuss matters relating to business standards and practices surrounding national tax data formatting and transfer; it develops and maintains tax electronic technical format standards for a variety of tax filing and other related government electronic reporting or data exchange applications. Its members are exploring the use of XML in tax filing processes. Its goal is to develop XML resources relating to an XML-based tax data submission process for use by all state and federal tax authorities, based on the commitment and contributions of a variety of federal and state government personnel and the participation of a broad group of interested industry partners. The TIGERS group is a part of the American National Standards Institute's ASC (Accredited Standards Committee) X12-Government Subcommittee. The Government Subcommittee is a standing committee of ASC X12."
"A current [2001-11] TIGERS effort is to examine the possible use of eXtensible Markup Language (XML) in tax administration and its standardization. One of the emphases of TIGERS is to review opportunities for consistency in state and federal filing processes. Individual tax authorities should use available guidelines, formats, and codes for each tax application they are putting in place, and seek TIGERS guidance in implementation, strictly limiting 'customization'. This will benefit all trading partners and reduce their cost."
A report of 2001-11-07 by Dr. Glenda Hayes (MITRE) summarizes XML Schema Activities at IRS. The main example outlines the current approach taken in the creation of an IRS 1120 XML schema, where "one of the main objectives is to validate numeric values, as appropriate." Using XML schemas and XSL should reduce data errors, reduce costs in tbe validating of returns, and support easier transitions for changes in tax forms/schedules. The benefits of using XML for IRS 1120 [US Corporate Income Tax Return] are that "1120 represents approximately 85% of the data elements for IRS; it has significant overlap with Individual Tax (1040); the design effort will reconcile duplicate data elements (e.g., string length for address); it meets external stakeholder request; represents an IS/ETA joint effort; is a scoped pilot; exploits a large base of developers; involves coordination with external groups." Three experimental approaches to tax XML Schema development were identified: (1) using XBRL [loose control]; (2) a derived EDI based/TIGERS approach, with schema patterned after EDI transaction; (3) a 'direct' approach with tight control, patterned after the Microsoft 1040 strawman and the TIGERS Sales Tax Group. Draft schemas have been posted for public review. Next steps for IRS development are (1) community review of the 1120, 1120S, 941 schemas; the IRS has now set up a listserv for this purpose; (2) development of IRS Form 1041, 1065, and 990 XML schemas; (2) refinement of IRS XML schema, both types and general elements. [adapted from the report and TIGERS October minutes]
IRS 1120/941 eFile Transport and Packaging Proposal. By Tom Guinan (IBM Global Services). October 2001. Presented at the October 2001 TIGERS meeting. "Outlines a method for enveloping XML data designed to provide utility in securing, receiving, routing, and processing files. The intent of the exercise is to determine how best to package for transmission and subsequent processing XML-format 941s, 1120s, and other transactions -- all together, if desired. The eFile Transport and Packaging Objectives are to define standard wire format and protocol for business return submission and acknowledgements: (1) Support any return type (e.g., 1120, 941) (2) Rely on standards whenever possible [lower risk/development costs; leverage existing tools; reduce training costs]; (3) Support XML and binary data; (4) Be usable over multiple communication channels, e.g., dial-up, Internet, FTP, HTTP. The eFile Return Packaging Objectives are to specify standard mechanism for structuring return components which: (1) supports any return type; (2) is consistent with eFile Transport and Packaging; (3) simplifies XML schema definition and instance creation; (4) facilitates development of standard return processing applications; (5) provides flexibility to return storage and access..." The October 2, 2001 meeting minutes supply details. See the XML example document for this Draft XML Transmission Packaging proposal. [Cache: PDF and XML example]
- TIGERS reference page
- Tax XML Development Resource Page
- Draft IRS XML 1120 schemas 2002-03-25.
- Draft XML Schemas for Sales and Motor Fuel Tax. For review 2001-12-10. "Please review and send comments to Terry Garber, TIGERS Chair or Stuart Beagles, FTA Motor Fuel EC Uniformity Representative." [cache]
- IRS Form 1120 XML schemas. The package contains some 140 XML Schema (.xsd) files. Send comments to Ms Terry Garber and Xan H. Ostro. [cache]
- IRS Form 1120S XML schemas. Subchapter S Corporation. Some 149 XML schema files. [cache]
- XML Schema Activities at IRS. By Dr. Glenda Hayes (MITRE). November 7, 2001. For U.S. Department of Treasury Internal Revenue Service. [cache]
- Draft Minutes: ANSI ASC X12G TG2/TIGERS Meeting. Monday, October 1 - Wednesday October 3, 2001. Miami, FL, USA. [cache]
- TIGERS/XML Committee Assignments. Working Committees and XML/TIGERS Roster. [snapshot 2001-11-15]
- TIGERS mailing list 'firstname.lastname@example.org'
- TIGERS early deliverables
- Superset XML schema model for tax filing applications. 2001-08-09. Employs ebXML structures. [source]
- Sales tax state-filing example of use of the Base Schema. Draft Example - Illinois Derived Schema. 2001-08-09. [source]
- XML Instance for Illinois sales tax state-filing example [source]
- "Electronic Commerce Best Practices. A Guide For Taxing Authorities." TIGERS working group. September, 2000. "In mid-2000, only one or two actual implementations of XML for tax filing can report experience. However, the level of resources being invested in XML development promises that XML will become a best practice in the near future. XML is already in use in commercial online catalog applications, and is also being used in back-end systems integration to communicate between unlike enterprise applications. Several different organizations are working to develop a prototype DTD or schema for a tax return. The TIGERS workgroup has begun this effort, in liaison with vendors and other interested organizations. The goal is to develop XML definitions that can be provided to software developers, whether within the taxing authority or outside third parties, for use in constructing dynamic EC applications..." [cache]
- Federation of Tax Administrators
- FTA Electronic Tax Administration
- TIGERS contacts:
- See also TaxML article [Microsoft]
- See also "QuickBooks Extensible Markup Language (qbXML)"
- See also [SGML and] IRS (US Internal Revenue Service)
- "XML Markup Languages for Tax Information" - Main reference page.