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Locale Data Markup Language Specification (LDML) Version 1.2

Unicode Releases Common Locale Data Repository, Version 1.2

Mountain View, California, USA. November 04, 2004.

The Unicode Consortium announced today the release of new versions of the Common Locale Data Repository (CLDR 1.2) and the Locale Data Markup Language specification (LDML 1.2), providing key building blocks for software to support the world's languages. This new release contains data for 232 locales, covering 72 languages and 108 territories. There are also 63 draft locales in the process of being developed, covering an additional 27 languages and 28 territories.

To support users in different languages, programs must not only use translated text, but must also be adapted to local conventions. These conventions differ by language or region and include the formatting of numbers, dates, times, and currency values, as well as support for differences in measurement units or text sorting order. Most operating systems and many application programs currently maintain their own repositories of locale data to support these conventions. But such data are often incomplete, idiosyncratic, or gratuitously different from program to program. In the age of the internet, software components must work together seamlessly, without the problems caused by these discrepancies.

The CLDR project provides a general XML format, LDML, for the exchange of locale information used in application and system software development, combined with a public repository for a common set of locale data in that format. In this release, there are major additions to the CLDR data, to the LDML specification, and in implementation support.

The CLDR is continually being enhanced and extended, with CLDR 1.3 expected early in 2005. All new data or defect reports for CLDR 1.3 must be submitted no later than January 15, 2005.

For more information about the CLDR project, with details about the new features in this release and the languages and territories supported, see

About the Unicode Consortium

The Unicode Consortium is a non-profit organization founded to develop, extend and promote use of the Unicode Standard and related globalization standards.

The membership of the consortium represents a broad spectrum of corporations and organizations in the computer and information processing industry. Full members (the highest level) are: Adobe Systems, L'Agence intergouvernementale de la Francophonie, AGFA Monotype, Apple Computer, Government of India - Ministry of Information Technology, Government of Pakistan - National Language Authority, HP, IBM, Justsystem, Microsoft, Oracle, PeopleSoft, RLG, SAP, Sun Microsystems, and Sybase.

For more information, please contact the Unicode Consortium (

Additional References

Prepared by Robin Cover for The XML Cover Pages archive.

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