Cover Pages Newsletter August 05, 2003

                      Cover Pages Newsletter
                           August 05, 2003

                         Hosted by: OASIS
     Sponsored by: Corel Corporation, Global eXchange Services,
           ISOGEN International, SAP, and Sun Microsystems

 Featured News Stories
 Selected Articles and Papers
 Selected from the Press
 Cover Pages Sponsors
Featured News Stories

Recently featured news stories from the Cover Pages news at: [Full abstract] [Brief summary] [RSS]

OASIS XML Common Biometric Format Specification (XCBF) Submitted for
The OASIS XML Common Biometric Format Technical Committee has
requested that the "XML Common Biometric Format" (XCBF) specification
v1.1 be considered for approval as an OASIS Standard. The document
deals with biometrics in the sense of automated methods for
recognizing a person based on physiological (retina, hand geometry,
DNA) or behavioral characteristics; these are used to recognize the
identity of an individual, or to verify a claimed identity.

Call for Participation in OASIS Asynchronous Service Access Protocol
OASIS members are forming a new Asynchronous Service Access Protocol
(ASAP) TC to create a very simple extension of Simple Object Access
Protocol (SOAP) that enables generic asynchronous web services or
long-running web services. The proposed ASAP specification will
complement existing standards and be consistent with the W3C XML
Protocol (XMLP) work, including SOAP. ASAP builds upon technical work
previously published in the SWAP and AWSP protocols.

Call for Public Review of Draft Extensible Resource Identifier (XRI)
The editors of the "Extensible Resource Identifier (XRI) Syntax and
Resolution Specification" have issued a call for public comment on the
OASIS TC's Working Draft version 07. The Extensible Resource
Identifier (XRI) notation provides a standard means of abstractly
identifying a resource independent of any given concrete
representation of that resource or, in the case of a completely
abstract resource, independent of any representation at all.

W3C Publishes XForms Version 1.0 as a Proposed Recommendation.
The W3C XForms Working Group has released its "XForms 1.0"
specification as a Proposed Recommendation and welcomes public review
through August 29, 2003. XForms is W3C's new generation of Web forms
which separates purpose, presentation, and data. XForms is designed to
be more flexible than previous HTML and XHTML form technologies,
enabling validity constraint checking and integration into other
markup languages such as XHTML or SVG.

Selected Articles and Papers
Selections of abstracted and annotated articles/clippings at:

"Extensible 3D: XML Meets VRML." By Len Bullard. From (August
06, 2003). The Virtual Reality Modeling Language is very much alive
and being used to solve real problems. In this article, we will
examine the new VRML standard, Extensible 3D (X3D), as well as
software and other resources available to support it. Examples and a
short tutorial on the new X3D XML-format are provided.
"UML for Web Services." By Will Provost. From O'Reilly (August 05, 2003). The author shows in detail how
web service applications can be designed with UML; he describes an
implementation process that leads from UML to WDSL and W3C XML Schema
to program code.
"WDSL Tales From the Trenches, Part 3." By Johan Peeters. From
O'Reilly (August 05, 2003). In the third
installment of of this article series, Peeters concentrates on the
importance of modeling the data elements involved in web services, and
explains the best strategies for using W3C XML Schema to model this
"Build Rich, Thin Client Applications Automatically Using XML." By
Laurence Moroney. In DevX Network (July 30, 2003). New products let
you build highly graphical client-side applications without the
performance headaches of applets or the security concerns of ActiveX.
The next big trend in decoupling appears to be separating the user
interface implementation from the user interface definition.
"Creating Java Grid Services." By Aaron E. Walsh (Mantis Development
Corporation). In Dr. Dobb's Journal (DDJ) (September 2003), pages
18-23. Special Issue on Distributed Computing. Aaron uses the Globus
Toolkit, a development framework for developing special-purpose grids,
to build Java-based grid services and grid clients. OGSI uses WSDL to
define compliant grid services that are accessible over the Internet
using SOAP/HTTP.
"Grid Services Extend Web Services. A Solid Foundation for Service
Consumer Reliability." By Dr. Andrew Grimshaw and Steve Tuecke. In Web
Services Journal Volume 3, Issue 8 (August 2003), pages 22-26. The
differences between Grid services as defined in the Open Grid Services
Infrastructure specification and Web services are few, so Grid
services do look like Web services. But Grid service conventions are
not superficial in their function; they address fundamental issues in
distributed computing relating to how to name, create, discover,
monitor, and manage the lifetime of stateful services.
"Introducing Open Grid Services. An Infrastructure Built on Existing
Technologies." By Dr. Savas Parastatidis (Chief Software Architect,
North-East Regional e-Science Centre [NEReSC], Newcastle, UK). In Web
Services Journal Volume 3, Issue 8 (August 2003), pages 10-14. In June
2003, the Global Grid Forum (GGF) adopted the Open Grid Services
Infrastructure (OGSI) specification as a GGF standard. OGSI is
essential to the Open Grid Computing vision as it is the foundation on
top of which the building blocks of future Grid applications will be
"Build Interoperable Web Services With JSR-109. Understanding the
Foundation of JSR-109." By Jeffrey Liu and Yen Lu (Web Services Tools
Team at the IBM Toronto Lab). From IBM developerWorks, Web services.
August 05, 2003. JSR-109 facilitates the building of interoperable Web
services in the Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
environment. It standardizes the deployment of Web services in a J2EE
"Building a Business Logic Layer Over Multiple Web Services.
Leveraging Multiple Web Services to Build a Truly Distributed Web
Services Architecture" By Rajesh Zade and Avinash Moharil. In Web
Services Journal Volume 3, Issue 8 (August 2003), pages 16-20 (with 5
figures). The central concern of this article is how to build a
logical layer serving as a Web service over other multiple Web
services accessing remote applications and analyzing responses
obtained from those Web services in real time.
"Creating Web Services Using GLUE. An Easy Development Framework." By
(AVAO Corporation). In Web Services Journal Volume 3, Issue 8 (August
2003), pages 38-43. GLUE, by The Mind Electric, is a framework for
developing and publishing Web services. It is simple, easy, and fast
to create Web services. GLUE supports SOAP1.2, WSDL1.1, and UDDI v2.
This article provides an introduction to how to use GLUE, including
publishing and invoking Web services, working on SOAP messages, using
SOAP over JMS, publishing EJBs as Web services, and publishing and
inquiry using UDDI.
"Web Services Made Easy with Ruby. A Simple Development Method." By
Aravilli Srinivasa Rao (Hewlett-Packard). In Web Services Journal
Volume 3, Issue 8 (August 2003), pages 34-37. This article looks at
how to develop a Web service client to access the Web services that
are hosted in the Internet and how to develop a Web service with
simple steps using Ruby. Ruby is the interpreted scripting language
invented by Yukihiro Matsumoto for quick and easy object-oriented
programming and is more popular in Japan than in other countries.
"A Weblog API For the Grassroots." By Rich Salz. From O'Reilly (August 05, 2003). An earlier article examined the
Necho message format, comparing it to RSS, its predecessor. In this
column the author looks at the API (Atom API) used to manipulate
'Necho' data.
"RDF Site Summary 1.0 Modules: Context." By Tony Hammond (Elsevier),
Timo Hannay (Nature Publishing Group), Eamonn Neylon (Manifest
Solutions), and Herbert Van de Sompel (Los Alamos National
Laboratory). This draft RSS 1.0 module is being released to support
applications that wish to make use of the ANSI/NISO Draft Standard for
Trial Use 'The OpenURL Framework for Context-Sensitive Services'.
"XML Matters: The RXP Parser. An Extremely Fast Validating Parser With
a Python Binding." By David Mertz, Ph.D. (Comparator, Gnosis Software,
Inc). From IBM developerWorks, XML zone. August 04, 2003. In this
article, David introduces you to RXP, compares it with the expat
parser, and briefly discusses pyRXP and LT XML as ways of taking
advantage of the speed RXP has to offer without all of its complexity.
The speed of RXP stands out especially in the context of the pyRXP
"Dispute Exposes Bitter Power Struggle Behind Web Logs." By Paul
Festa. In CNET (August 04, 2003). As commercial interests
have increasingly dominated the Internet, Web logs have come to
represent a bastion of individual expression and pure democracy for
millions of bloggers. The conflict centers on something called Really
Simple Syndication (RSS), a technology widely used to syndicate blogs
and other Web content.
"Infrastructure-Level Web Services." By Anne Thomas Manes (Burton
Group). In Web Services Journal Volume 3, Issue 8 (August 2003), page
58. Infrastructure-level Web services are Web services that implement
part of the distributed computing infrastructure. They help other Web
services communicate and make the Web services framework more robust.
"In Their Orbit. What Drives Business-Technology Innovation? Look to
Large Companies' Supply Chains, Not Just Tech Vendors." By Rick
Whiting. In InformationWeek (August 04, 2003). When Wal-Mart Stores
Inc. told 100 key suppliers this year that they need to be able to
track pallets of merchandise using radio-frequency ID technology by
January 2005, it offered the latest example of how supply chains
increasingly will become the innovation chains that shape business
"Portal Standards Take Flight. Vendor Frameworks to Support JSR 168
and WSRP." By Cathleen Moore. In InfoWorld (July 30, 2003). As two key
portal specifications(JSR 168, WSRP) approach final status, portal
vendors are stitching in standards-compliant APIs for delivering
content and applications into the portal framework.
"Introducing the Portlet Specification, Part 1. Get Your Feet Wet with
the Specification's Underlying Terms And Concepts." By Stefan Hepper
and Stephan Hesmer. In JavaWorld (August 01, 2003). The authors first
define portals and portlets, then explain the concepts JSR 168
introduces, including the API's basic objects. They also cover the
JSR's more advanced functions such as user information, localization,
and caching, concluding with a description of portlet application
packaging and deployment.
"Orbeon Framework Transforms XML to Java." By Yvonne L. Lee. In
Software Development Times (August 01, 2003). Orbeon Inc.'s latest
version of Open XML Framework (OXF) XML transformation middleware lets
developers turn XML documents into J2EE applications without writing
new Java code. OXF 2.0 version 2.0 helps developers separate site
navigation, page validation, page layout, and site presentation into
distinct parts of an application.
"BEA Targets IBM With App Server Plan." By Martin LaMonica. In CNET (August 01, 2003). BEA Systems is launching an effort
designed to help it regain the lead in the application server market.
The company will announce a new version of its WebLogic Platform
server software along with a plan for linking business applications.
"Oracle, Sun and Partners Publish WS Coordination Specification." By
[CBDi Newswire Staff]. In CBDI Newswire: Insight for Web Service and
Software Component Practice (August 01, 2003). In August 2002, IBM,
Microsoft and BEA published the two specifications WS-Transaction and
WS-Coordination. With the Web Services Composite Applications
Framework (WS-CAF) from Oracle, Sun and partners, we now have a
further specification covering similar functionality.
"Truce Called in Java Standards Battle." By Martin LaMonica. In CNET (July 31, 2003). "A closely watched feud over Java standards
compliance moved closer to resolution this week as Open-source Java
software distributor JBoss Group said that it will work to certify its
software with the Sun-controlled Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
"Nortel Adds Application-Level Security to Alteon Switches." By Larry
Hooper. In InternetWeek (August 01, 2003). Nortel Networks is
deepening its push into the security market with new products in its
Layer 4-7 Alteon application switch line. The Alteon OS 21.0 release
include denial of service protection and XML and SOAP inspection
functionality; the XML and SOAP inspection provides Web services-aware
traffic management that inspects, classifies and directs Web Services
"Netware 6.5 Marks Novell's Open Integration Push." By Ian Palmer. In
Enterprise Developer News (July 31, 2003). Novell, after years of
quiet contributions to Open Source projects, including Apache and
OpenLDAP, is taking its Open Source efforts to a new level. Netware
6.5, along with its support for web services deployment, will bundle
some of the most popular Open Source technologies for the enterprise.
"Guess What? Microsoft Won." By Charles Cooper. In CNet
(August 01, 2003). Three years removed from the Microsoft breakup
order and 10 months after a final settlement was struck, it's fair to
ask who really came out on top. The company has made 'either no change
or only cosmetic changes to its business practices'; Bill Gates'
cyberempire is growing richer all the time.
"China to Snub MPEG Standard For Own Format." By [Staff]. In CNETAsia
(August 01, 2003). China will have its own audio-video compression
standard, as part of moves to shift reliance away from Western
formats; the new format is aimed at rivaling technology from the
globally-dominant MPEG.,39001094,39144293,00.htm
"MPEG Standard Addresses Rights." By Paul Festa. In CNET
(July 30, 2003). The Moving Pictures Experts Group has completed an
effort on two digital rights management technologies intended to
increase the MPEG standard's appeal to the recording industry and
"Identifying and Brokering Mathematical Web Services." By Mike Dewar
(Numerical Algorithms Group, NAG). In Web Services Journal Volume 3,
Issue 8 (August 2003), pages 44-46. The MONET project is a two-year
investigation into how service discovery can be performed for
mathematical Web services, funded by the European Union under its
Fifth Framework program. The project is currently building prototype
brokers that can reason about available services using MSDL
descriptions encoded in the W3C's OWL.
"IBM, CA Square Up to HP on Management." By Keith Rodgers. From (July 30, 2003). Shortly after HP's submission of a
Web Services Management Framework to the OASIS Web Services
Distributed Management TC, a Web Services Manageability specification
overview was presented by IBM, Computer Associates and Talking Blocks.

Selected references from the events calendar at:

W3C Workshop on Binary Interchange of XML Information Item Sets.
September 24 - 26, 2003. Santa Clara, California, USA.

ICWS-Europe 2003. The International Conference on Web Services -
Europe 2003.  "Web Services Architectures, Infrastructures and
Applications."  September 23 - 24, 2003. Erfurt, Germany.

Seybold San Francisco 2003.  September 8 - 12, 2003.  Moscone Center
West, San Francisco, California, USA.

XML Database Symposium (XSym 2003).  September 8, 2003.  The Humboldt-
Universitaet zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

HyperText '03.  The Fourteenth ACM Conference on Hypertext and
Hypermedia.  August 26 - 30, 2003.  Jubilee Campus, University of
Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

First Universal Data Element Framework (UDEF) Conference. "Industry
Trends Toward Automated Data Integration."  August 19, 2003. Whitaker
Hall, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

ECDL 2003. Seventh European Conference on Research and Advanced
Technology for Digital Libraries. August 17 - 22, 2003. Britannia
Trondheim, Norway.

XML Web Services One Boston. "Solutions for Practical XML Web Services
Development."  August 12 - 15, 2003. World Trade Center, Boston, MA,

Extreme Markup Languages 2003. August 4 - 8, 2003.  Hilton Hotel,
Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Cover Pages Sponsors
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Prepared by Robin Cover for The XML Cover Pages archive.