Cover Pages Newsletter May 20, 2003

                      Cover Pages Newsletter
                           May 20, 2003

                         Hosted by: OASIS
     Sponsored by: Corel Corporation, Global eXchange Services,
           ISOGEN International, SAP, and Sun Microsystems

 Featured News Stories
 Selected Articles and Papers
 Selected from the Press
 Cover Pages Sponsors
Featured News Stories

Recently featured news stories from the Cover Pages news at:  OR

W3C Approves Patent Policy Supporting Development of Royalty-Free Web
Congratulations to the W3C Patent Policy Working Group (PPWG), W3C
Membership, and W3C leadership for the landmark achievement
represented by final approval of the W3C Patent Policy. The policy
governs handling of patents in the process of producing Web standards,
seeking to assure that W3C Recommendations produced under the policy
can be implemented on a Royalty-Free (RF) basis. W3C Director Tim
Berners-Lee has published a policy overview and public summary.

UDDI Version 2 Approved as an OASIS Open Standard.
OASIS has approved UDDI version 2 as an OASIS Open Standard. UDDI
specifies a standard interoperable platform that enables companies and
applications to find and use Web services over the Internet. UDDI V2
components include the UDDI Version 2 API Specification, Data
Structure, XML Schema, Replication Specification, XML Replication
Schema, XML Custody Schema, Operator's Specification, WSDL Service
Interface Descriptions, and UDDI tModels.

AdsML Consortium Creates Electronic Data Exchange Standard for
Advertising Industry.
The AdsML Consortium has announced an XML-based AdsML 1.0
specification which will cover the means by which data is exchanged
for all kinds of advertising, in all media and through all stages of
an advertisement's lifecycle. The specification will define a set of
business process models and an 'AdsML Envelope' XML message format
that supports packaging, transmission, verification, validation, and
routing of advertising content and related metadata.

OASIS TC Approves Test Framework Documents for ebXML Messaging Service
(ebMS) Version 2.0.
The OASIS ebXML Implementation, Interoperability and Conformance (IIC)
Technical Committee has approved four committee specifications for use
in automated conformance testing with ebXML Messaging Service (ebMS)
version 2.0. Initial ebXML IIC efforts focus on providing a computable
and extensible test framework with ebMS as the first edition of the
test suite; related test suites for ebXML CPP/A, BPSS, and Reg/Rep are
being considered.

ACM Publishes CACM Special Issue on Digital Rights Management and Fair
ACM's flagship journal Communications of the ACM has dedicated a
special issue to the theme "Digital Rights Management and Fair Use by
Design." The CACM April 2003 issue features seven articles on the need
to reconcile competing interests in the creation of DRM rules that
govern fair use of copyrighted digital works. Public policy experts
are concerned that DRM implementations and new legislation ignore key
rights to read, lend, sell, and archive copyrighted works.

IETF Internet Open Trading Protocol Working Group Publishes RFC for
Voucher Trading System.
The IETF IOTP Working Group has published an RFC on "Requirements and
Design for Voucher Trading System (VTS)". The requirements document
calls for implementation of the Voucher Trading System based upon a
Voucher Trading Protocol (VTP), a VTS Application Programming
Interface (VTS-API), and an XML-based Generic Voucher Language (GVL).
The VTS addresses the need to credit loyalty points and collect
digital coupons or gift certificates.

Selected Articles and Papers
Selections of abstracted and annotated articles/clippings at:

"The Center of the Universe." By Ken North. In Intelligent Enterprise
Volume 6, Number 9 (May 31, 2003). XML, Web services, analytics, and
other hot technologies have the leading relational DBMS providers
working overtime to remain the best choice for managing all of your
data. Here's a look at what IBM, Microsoft, and Oracle are doing.
"Data As It Happens." By Mark Madsen. In Intelligent Enterprise Volume
6, Number 9 (May 31, 2003). Data in real time, all the time, is what
many enterprises want. To make it happen, IT needs to get the big
picture -- and not burn out on one-off solutions for single
"Microsoft Unwraps New Visio Tool. Office Visio 2003 Improves Users'
Access to Server-Based Business Data." By Ed Scannell. In InfoWorld
(May 20, 2003). Microsoft has unveiled a new version of its Visio
diagramming tool that aims to enable corporate users to take better
advantage of traditional Office desktop applications and also connect
desktop users with server-based line-of-business data.
"DARPA Pads Semantic Web Contract." By Michael Singer. From News (May 20, 2003). Web software developer Teknowledge
said it has won an extended government contract to help build an
evolving version of the World Wide Web that centers on the meaning of
words. DARPA has added $634,057 to its now $1.7 million budget to help
build the DARPA Agent Markup Language (DAML).
"Web Services Security and More, Part 2: The Global XML Web Services
Architecture (GXA)." By Joseph M. Chiusano (Booz Allen Hamilton). From (May 20, 2003). In Part 2 of this series on GXA, the
author covers WS-SecureConversation, WS-Inspection, WS-
ReliableMessaging, and WS-Addressing.
"Business Process with BPEL4WS: Learning BPEL4WS, Part 8. Using
Switch, Pick, and Compensate." By Rania Khalaf and Nirmal Mukhi
(Software Engineers, IBM TJ Watson Research Center). From IBM
developerWorks, Web services. May 2003. In a final Part 8, the author
illustrates the use of three more BPEL activities: switch, pick, and
"OEBPS: The Universal Consumer eBook Format?" By Jon Noring. In
eBookWeb (May 19, 2003). The author outlines seven requirements a
universal consumer ebook format must fulfill (one of which is
compatibility with an XML-based publishing workflow), and shows that
OEBPS adequately fulfills those requirements. The XML conformance of
OEBPS certainly plays a fundamental role in the attractiveness of
OEBPS as a universal ebook format.$2165
"W3C Readies New Tech Patent Policy. It Hopes to Stop Vendors' Patent
Claims from Slowing Web Standards Work." By Carol Sliwa. In
Computerworld (May 19, 2003). The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is
poised to unveil a formal policy for dealing with technology patents
that have the potential to block the development of interoperable Web
"OASIS OKs UDDI 2. Next Up, An Expanded 3.0 Version. UDDI is Seen As
the Basis of a Standards-Based Web Services Architecture." By Stacy
Cowley. In Computerworld (May 20, 2003). OASIS yesterday said it has
ratified Version 2.0 of the UDDI Web services specification, an
important step toward finalization of the widely awaited,
significantly expanded 3.0 version of the standard.,10801,81374,00.html
"Introduction: Digital Rights Management and Fair Use by Design." By
Deirdre K. Mulligan (Acting Clinical Professor and Director of the
Samuelson Law, Technology, and Public Policy Clinic in Boalt Hall at
the University of California, Berkeley). In Communications of the ACM
(CACM) Volume 46, Number 4 (April 2003), pages 30-33. Introduction to
the special issue by the guest editor. The fair-use exceptions in U.S.
copyright law are being undermined by rules programmed into consumer
electronics and computers that reflect the exclusive interest of
rights holders alone.
"Fair Use, DRM, and Trusted Computing." By John S. Erickson (Principal
Scientist, Digital Media Systems Program, Hewlett-Packard
Laboratories, Norwich, VT). In Communications of the ACM (CACM) Volume
46, Number 4 (April 2003), pages 34-39. With 12 references. How can
DRM architectures protect historical copyright limitations like fair
use while ensuring the security and property interests of copyright
owners? Erickson explores DRM architecture and its relation to trusted
computing platforms, as well as the disconnect between the security
paradigm from which today's DRM systems originate and the exception-
riddled, context-laden nature of copyright law.
"DRM {and, or, vs.} the Law." By Pamela Samuelson (Chancellor's
Professor of Law and Information Management at the University of
California at Berkeley and Director of the Berkeley Center for Law &
Technology). In Communications of the ACM (CACM) Volume 46, Number 4
(April 2003), pages 41-45. With 7 references. Samuelson covers the
varied relationships between DRM and the law, explaining that DRM
provides potentially far more control to copyright holders than the
law provides or permits and that, in its current legal interpretation,
the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) of 1998 provides nearly
unlimited protection to DRM.
"Users Still Bullish on Web Services." By John Fontana. In Network
World (May 19, 2003). Galileo International hit a home run last year
with a pilot of four Web services designed to help extend the reach of
its travel booking and itinerary services. The number of Galileo
customers using the services -- now in production mode -- has risen
from one to 35, and those customers are clamoring for more.
"WASP Gives Web Services Development Some Sting. WASP Server and
Developer Tools Handle Real-World Web Services Management." Review by
Phillip J. Windley. In (May 16, 2003). WASP Server and WASP Developer
from Systinet do a nice job of providing the professional-grade tools
for creating and deploying Web services in both Java and C++. WASP
Server is a full-featured Web services run-time environment.
"Microsoft Courting OMG Again." By Darryl K. Taft. In eWEEK (May 12,
2003). After years of bitter battles with the Object Management Group,
Microsoft Corp. may be poised to rejoin the consortium to make use of
the OMG's architecture expertise.,3959,1075095,00.asp
"SCO Signs Pact With Microsoft, Warns Users on Linux Use." By Jack
Vaughan and John K. Waters. In Application Development Trends (May 19,
2003). The SCO Group said it has licensed its Unix technology,
including patent and source code licenses, to Microsoft Corp. SCO
claimed in a statement that the licensing deal ensures Microsoft's
intellectual property compliance across all Microsoft solutions and
will better enable Microsoft to ensure compatibility with Unix and
Unix services.
"Berners-Lee: Standards Groups Are 'Very Different Places'. He
Discussed How the W3C and OASIS Tackle Web Services Standards." By
Carol Sliwa. In Computerworld (May 19, 2003). Tim Berners-Lee,
director of the W3C, spoke with Computerworld this month about recent
moves by technology vendors to submit Web services standards proposals
to OASIS instead of his organization.,10801,81308,00.html
"Implement Secure .NET Web Services with WS-Security." By Klaus
Aschenbrenner (Solvion). From (May 12, 2003). Web Services
Enhancements 1.0 for Microsoft .NET (WSE) provides the functionality
for Microsoft .NET Framework developers to support the latest Web
services capabilities.
"XML Group to Help First Responders." By Dibya Sarkar. In Federal
Computer Week (May 12, 2003). A consortium of private- and public-
sector organizations, university groups and nonprofit agencies are
driving an initiative to create standards for using Extensible Markup
Language to help first responders and others communicate and exchange
information during emergencies.

"Adding SALT to HTML." By Simon Tang. From (May 14, 2003). You
can add speech to your applications with SALT, Speech Application
Language Tags. The author introduces multimodal XML technology,
specifically SALT; using Microsoft's .NET Speech SDK, developers
should be able to add SALT elements to HTML web pages.
"Using libxml in Python." By Uche Ogbuji. From (May 14, 2003).
Uche Ogbuji introduces libxml and its Python bindings. Daniel
Veillard's libxml and libxslt libraries are popular because of their
speed, active development, and coverage of many XML specifications
with close attention to conformance. They are also available on many
"Interactive Web Applications with XQuery." By Ivelin Ivanov. From (May 14, 2003). In this article installment the author
continues to discuss practical uses of XQuery, focusing this time on
interactive web page generation. The example uses XQuery to front-end
Amazon web services with HTML.
"Getting Web Services Ready for Business." By Alan Kotok. From (May 12, 2003). The Report from XML Europe 2003:
documents good, interoperable documents better, secure interoperable
documents best. This year's event gave the unmistakable impression
that XML in general and Web services in particular were ready for
business or at least ready to talk business.
"How ASP.NET Web Services Work." By Aaron Skonnard (DevelopMentor). In
Microsoft MSDN Library (May 2003). Microsoft ASP.NET Web services
methods (WebMethods) provide a high-productivity approach to building
Web services. WebMethods can expose traditional Microsoft .NET methods
as Web service operations that support HTTP, XML, XML Schema, SOAP,
and WSDL.
"Using the Zip Classes in the J# Class Libraries to Compress Files and
Data with C#." By Ianier Munoz (Dokumenta). In Microsoft MSDN Magazine
(June 2003). Zip compression lets you save space and network bandwidth
when storing files or sending them over the wire. This article
explains how to use the Microsoft J# class libraries to create an
application in C# that compresses and decompresses Zip files.
"The Fortune of the Commons. [Survey: The IT Industry.]" By [Staff].
In The Economist Newspaper (May 08, 2003). For the first time, the IT
industry is widely adopting open standards -- thanks to the internet.
"Timed Text (TT) Authoring Format 1.0 Use Cases and Requirements."
Edited by Glenn Adams (Extensible Formatting Systems, Inc). W3C
Working Draft 15-May-2003. Produced by members of the W3C Timed Text
(TT) Working Group as part of the W3C Synchronized Multimedia
Activity. This document specifies usage scenarios and requirements for
a timed text authoring format. A timed text authoring format is a
content type that represents timed text media for the purpose of
interchange among authoring systems. Timed text is textual information
that is intrinsically or extrinsically associated with timing
"Bosak on Universal Business Language (UBL)." By Simon St.Laurent.
From (May 15, 2003). At last week's XML Europe, Jon Bosak,
the 'father of XML', explained how he hoped XML might help in 'saving
the world', leveling the playing field of global commerce by lowering
the cost of doing business. Noting that the "social agenda of SGML has
always been about creator ownership of content," with vendor,
platform, and language neutrality at its core, Bosak now wants to take
that social agenda and apply it in a much larger context.
"Add XML Functionality to Your Flash Movies." By Jean-Luc David. From
(May 15, 2003). In support of the XML standard, Macromedia has added
XML functionality to the Flash Player.;?id=u00220030514jld01.htm
"Style Stylesheets to Extend XSLT, Part 2. Improving the Trace
Generator." By Joseph Kesselman (Advisory Scientist, IBM). From IBM
developerWorks, XML zone. In this article installment the author
develops a more polished version of an XSLT stylesheet to enhance
another stylesheet, making the trace generator more detailed, more
selective, and more controllable -- and as a bonus, he includes a
reusable XPath generator template.
"A Uniform Resource Name (URN) Namespace for the Web3D Consortium
(Web3D)." By Aaron E. Walsh (Mantis Development Corp), WWW. IETF
Network Working Group. Request for Comments: #3541. May 2003.
Category: Informational. This document describes a Uniform Resource
Name (URN) namespace for the Web3D Consortium (Web3D) for naming
persistent resources such as technical documents and specifications,
Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) and Extensible 3D (X3D) files
and resources, Extensible Markup Language (XML) Document Type
Definitions (DTDs), XML Schemas, namespaces, style sheets, media
assets, and other resources produced or managed by Web3D.
"Requirements and Design for Voucher Trading System (VTS).". By Ko
Fujimura (NTT Corporation) and Donald E. Eastlake 3rd (Motorola). IETF
Network Working Group. Request for Comments: #3506. Category:
Informational. March 2003. This document presents a Voucher Trading
System (VTS) that circulates vouchers securely and its terminology; it
lists design principles and requirements for VTS and the Generic
Voucher Language (GVL), with which diverse types of vouchers can be

Selected from the Press
Selected references for abstracted and annotated industry news at:

"World Wide Web Consortium Approves Patent Policy. W3C Members,
Director Establish Policy for Encouraging Royalty-Free Web Standards."

"UDDI v2 Ratified as OASIS Open Standard. Building Block for Web
Services Advances Within Open Process."

"XML 2003 Call for Presentations, Tutorials, Exhibits, and Sponsors."

"International Consortium Seeks Global Standard for Electronic Data
Exchange for Advertising. AdsML Standard Will Build on Existing
Standards, Set Specifications For Crucial Processes. All Advertising
Media Ultimately Affected."

"Galileo International Launches Web Services Platform Globally
Enabling Clients To Build Customized Applications. Travel Industry's
First Web Services Solution Leverages Galileo's GDS, Saves Up to 80%
in Development Time and Lowers Cost."

"Conference Examines the Role of XML for Clinical Data Management and
Regulatory Submissions."

"RWS Group Co-sponsors LISA Forum Europe 2003. RWS Expert Localization
Engineer Yves Savourel Presents XML and Localization Workshop."

Selected references from the events calendar at:

XML 2003 Conference and Exhibition.  "Now We're Cooking".  December 7
- 12, 2003.  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

XML and Pharmaceutical Data Management Summit 2003.  September 23 -
24, 2003.  Penn's Landing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Oxford CSW XML Summer School 2003.  Fourth Annual Event.  July 27 -
31, 2003.  Wadham College, Oxford, UK.

The LISA Forum Europe.  June 30 - July 3, 2003.  Radisson Edwardian
Heathrow, London, UK.

SVG Open 2003. July 13 - 18, 2003.  Westin Bayshore Resort and Marina,
Vancouver, BC, Canada.

O'Reilly Open Source Software Convention (OSCON) 2003.  "Extend and
Embrace."  July 7 - 11, 2003.  Portland Marriot Downtown, Portland,
Oregon, USA.

W3C Workshop on the Long Term Future of P3P and Enterprise Privacy
Languages.  June 18 - 20, 2003. Multimedia Campus Kiel, Kiel
(Schleswig-Holstein), Germany.

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Prepared by Robin Cover for The XML Cover Pages archive.