Cover Pages Newsletter January 27, 2004

                      Cover Pages Newsletter
                         January 27, 2004

                         Hosted by: OASIS
               Sponsored by: Global eXchange Services,
             Innodata Isogen, SAP, and Sun Microsystems

 Featured News Stories
 Selected Articles and Papers
 Selected from the Press
 Cover Pages Sponsors
Featured News Stories

Recently featured news stories from the Cover Pages news at: [Full abstract] [Brief summary] [RSS]

Microsoft Files for Patents Related to XML Parsing and Word
Patent applications related to XML processing have been filed by
Microsoft with various patent offices worldwide. "Word-Processing
Document Stored in a Single XML File" has been filed in the European
Patent Office, and similarly in Canada (CIPO) and New Zealand (IPONZ).
Applications to the USPTO include "System and Method for Validating an
XML Document and Reporting Schema Violations" and "Word Processor for
Freestyle Editing of Well-Formed XML Documents."

OASIS Web Services Security TC (WSS) Approves Committee Draft
Five documents approved as Committee Draft specifications by the OASIS
Web Services Security (WSS) TC are being submitted for consideration
as OASIS standards. The main CDs include "Web Services Security: SOAP
Message Security 1.0," "Web Services Security UsernameToken Profile,"
and "Web Services Security X.509 Certificate Token Profile." The WSS
specification describes enhancements to SOAP messaging to provide
message integrity and confidentiality.

IBM and X-Hive Present XML Schema API as a W3C Member Submission.
IBM and X-Hive have submitted an "XML Schema API" to W3C. The
specification provides API access to properties of the XML Information
Set, and is implemented in Apache Xerces2 Java Parser. The document
defines interfaces allow ing developers to access the XML Schema
components which follow as a consequence of validation and/or
assessment, a set of interfaces for accessing the PSVI from an
instance, and a set of interfaces for loading XML Schema documents.

OJP Releases Global Justice XML Data Model (GJXDM) Version 3.0
Operational Version.
The U.S. Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative (Global) and
Office of Justice Programs (OJP) have released the first operational
version of the Global Justice Extensible Markup Language (XML) Data
Model (GJXDM) Version 3.0 to the justice community. More than 50 law
enforcement and justice-related projects have been implemented using
the GJXDM prerelease versions. The goal is public safety based upon
automated cross-jurisdiction data sharing.

OASIS Members Form XRI Data Interchange (XDI) Technical Committee.
A new OASIS XDI Technical Committee has been created to define a
generalized, extensible, location-, application-, and transport-
independent service for sharing, linking, and synchronizing data over
the Internet and other data networks. XDI supports the creation of a
"dataweb" using XML documents and XRIs (Extensible Resource
Identifiers), a URI-compatible abstract identifier scheme defined by
the OASIS XRI TC. XDI TC deliverables are to be royalty-free.

Approved OpenLS Specification Supports Interoperable Location Service
The OpenGIS Consortium (OGC) has approved the Location Services
(OpenLS) Implementation Specification for public release. OpenLS
defines access to the Core Services and Abstract Data Types (ADT) that
comprise the GeoMobility Server, an open location services platform.
Core interfaces are defined for accessing directory services, route
determination, location determination gateway, geocoding, reverse
geocoding, and portrayal services using standard Web protocols.

Selected Articles and Papers
Selections of abstracted and annotated articles/clippings at:

"Web Services Security Spec Moves Toward Approval. OASIS Braces for
Membership Vote." By Paul Krill. In InfoWorld (January 27, 2004). WS-
Security, a widely supported proposal for securing Web services, could
become an official OASIS standard by March. OASIS in mid-February
anticipates a full-membership vote on the WS-Security specification,
which is intended to provide critical security for Web services.
"XML in Yukon: New Version Showcases Native XML Type and Advanced Data
Handling." By Bob Beauchemin. In Microsoft MSDN Magazine (February
2004). The next version of Microsoft SQL Server, code-named 'Yukon,'
adds native XML data storage to the database management system (DBMS)
through a new native XML data type. The introduction of this native
XML data type, coupled with the emerging industry standard XQuery
language, should spark a revolution in database application
"Oracle to Add RFID Support to Warehouse Application." By John
Pallatto. In eWEEK (January 05, 2004). Oracle Corp. said it plans to
release a new version of Oracle Warehouse Management in the summer
season that will support radio frequency identification (RFID) and
electronic product code (EPC) features.,4149,1467942,00.asp
"Inside XAML." By Ian Griffiths. From O'Reilly (January
05, 2004). One of Longhorn's most interesting technologies for
developers is its new XML-based markup language, codenamed XAML
(Extensible Application Markup Language). This article looks at how
XAML relates to the underlying support provided by WinFX.
"Parasoft Touts Security, WS-I in Web Services Test Tool. Web Services
Product Complies With Industry Efforts." By Paul Krill. In InfoWorld
(January 27, 2004). Parasoft is releasing SOAPtest 2.5, an upgrade of
the company's Web services testing tool that sports security
enhancements and adherence to upcoming WS-I test tool functions.
"XForms 1.1 Requirements." Edited by John Boyer (PureEdge Solutions
Inc), Roland Merrick (IBM), and Sebastian Schnitzenbaumer (SAP). W3C
Working Group Note. 26-January-2004. "XForms is an XML application
that represents the next generation of forms for the Web. XForms 1.1
version makes incremental improvements over version 1.0 to provide
expanded behaviors for the existing and established XForms Model-View-
Controller Framework and by embracing SOAP. It also makes adjustments
to XForms to facilitate its adoption in other host languages.
"XML Data Formats Take Center Stage in the Financial Services
Industry." By Uche Ogbuji. From (January 05, 2004). The
Third Annual XML for Financial Services conference, held in New York
City, USA, casts doubt on the conventional wisdom about Web services
and the role of tightly-coupled middleware in real-world XML
developments. This conference is dominated by technical managers from
the Financial Services industry.
"IBM Patents Developer Payment Method." By Darryl K. Taft. In eWEEK
(January 27, 2004). In a nod to the open-source development model, IBM
has patented a scheme that maps out a method of payment for broad
numbers of developers working together on projects, a move that has
upset some developers.,4149,1462778,00.asp
"OWL Web Ontology Language: Parsing OWL in RDF/XML." By Sean Bechhofer
(University of Manchester). W3C Working Group Note. 21-January-2004.
An OWL-RDF parser takes an RDF/XML file and attempts to construct an
OWL ontology that corresponds to the triples represented in the RDF.
This document describes a basic strategy that could be used in such a
"Use XInclude to Synchronize WSDL with Source Schemata. Importing the
Payload Format for Document/Literal Message Descriptions." By Uche
Ogbuji (Principal Consultant, Fourthought, Inc). From IBM
developerWorks. January 22, 2004. This article shows how to use
XInclude to incorporate external schema fragments into a WSDL file.
XInclude is simple and is supported by many XML tools. It is a handy
tool for many situations, and can certainly help improve the
maintenance of document/literal style WSDL documents.
"A Standards-Based Registry/Repository Using UK MOD Requirements as a
Basis." By Paul Spencer (with OASIS TC Members). Version 0.3 (draft).
January 22, 2004. 13 pages. This paper is the result of a joint study
by Paul Spencer and three OASIS Technical Committees -- the ebXML
Registry TC (regrep), the Content Assembly Mechanism (CAM) TC and the
e-Government TC. It considers whether and how the standards being
developed by the regrep and CAM TCs can help meet the needs of the
MOD, and wider Government needs, for managing schema components.
"Lightweight XML Search Servers." By Jon Udell. In (January
21, 2004). The author demonstrated a browser-based technique for
searching XHTML/CSS content using XPath. I've been using a variation
of this technique on my weblog. In the spirit of this lightweight
browser-based solution, he creates an equally lightweight server-based
version based on Python and libxml2/libxslt.
"Web Services Make Enterprise Strides." By Peter Coffee. In eWEEK
(January 19, 2004). Web services crossed key thresholds of enterprise
acceptance during the last months of 2003, with corporate IT builders
expressing dramatically greater interest in using the model for
transactions up and down the supply chain as well as for in-house
"A Survey of XML Standards. Part 1: The Core Standards.." By Uche
Ogbuji (Principal Consultant, Fourthought, Inc). From IBM
developerWorks. January 20, 2004. The author provides a summary of
what the most important XML technologies, and discusses how they each
fit into the greater scope of things in the XML world. He also
recommend tutorials and other useful resources for evaluating and
learning to use each technology.
"Eclipse 3.0 Upgrade Demos on Tap at EclipseCon." By Vance McCarthy.
>From Integration Developer News (January 09, 2004). Eclipse developers
are hard at work on upgrade features for Eclipse 3.0, slated for
release in summer 2004. Key improvements will include a generalized
Eclipse platform for building non-IDE applications, increased UI
responsiveness, improved user experience, and generalized Java tools
to support Java like languages.
"Learn XForms Today: XForms Institute." By Micah Dubinko. In O'Reilly (January 18, 2004). Readers have asked for a gentler
tutorial to W3C XForms, and others have asked to see some examples of
'real-world' XForms. The new XForms Institute (Interactive XForms
School) web site provides both, with progressive lessons and
interactive quizzes, written without script in XForms.
"RSS for President." By Steve Gillmor. In eWEEK (January 20, 2004).
The Net has enormously accelerated the conversation that the
aggregated campaigns have joined. A range of collaboration software,
from sales force automation to wikis to the nascent social software
tools, has compressed the electorate into rapidly forming affinity
"Telco Punts $2.5m on Interactive-Voice XML." By Julian Bajkowski. In
ComputerWorld Australia (January 20, 2004). AAPT will invest more than
$2.5 million on a new, VXML-based retail-customer interactive voice
project that ports directly back into its mainframe billing and
transaction systems in an effort to reduce call centre and
administration costs.
"Red Hat Offers Software Warranty." By Stephen Shankland. In CNET (January 19, 2004). "In response to SCO Group's legal action
against Linux, Red Hat is offering new legal protection that
guarantees the company will replace any code found to infringe
"Software Patents 'Threaten Linux'." By Clark Boyd and Bruce Perens.
In BBC News, UK Edition (January 23, 2004). Open source advocate Bruce
Perens tells BBC technology correspondent Clark Boyd why the real
threat to Linux and the open source movement is not from the SCO
lawsuits, but from software patents. Perens: "We're looking at a
future where only the very largest companies will be able to implement
software, and it will technically be illegal for other people to do
"Next-Generation E-Forms." By Jon Udell. In InfoWorld (January 23,
2004). E-forms provide a more accurate, intuitive replacement for
paper forms than plain HTML forms or antiseptic data entry screens.
Common to all the vendors' approaches is the use of XML as the bridge
between applications that gather data from end-users and the back-
office systems that absorb that data.
"SAML Tops Federation Projects Survey." By Dave Kearns. In Network
World (January 09, 2004). Ping Identity, sponsor of the SourceID Web
site, recently surveyed folks who downloaded its open-source Liberty
Alliance tool kit. SAML is the transport mechanism for the Liberty
Alliance proposals, and one of the allowed transports for WS-
Federation, but it appears that a number of projects are working
directly with SAML and by-passing the 'higher' layers of the two
competing standards.
"ebXML Adoption Update." By Monica Martin (Sun Microsystems) and
others, ebXML MARKETING. December 22, 2003. 44 pages. OASIS ebXML
Marketing has prepared this document in collaboration with OASIS
member organizations and partners to give a global picture of the
current status of ebXML adoption. The report aims at increasing
awareness of the substantial amount of ebXML-related activity
occurring throughout the world today; it summarizes the status of
close to 100 completed, ongoing, or progressive ebXML-related
"Multimodal Interaction on the Web." By Peter Mikhalenko. In
(January 21, 2004). The W3C Multimodal Interaction Activity is
developing specifications as a basis for a new breed of Web
application with multiple modes of interaction. It is implemented by
several drafts (InkML, EMMA) which are reviewed in this article.
"Tags for Identifying Languages." By Addison Phillips (Editor,
webMethods, Inc) and Mark Davis (IBM). IETF Network Working Group,
Internet Draft. Reference: 'draft-phillips-langtags-02'. December 17,
2003; expires June 16, 2004. 29 pages. Document design goals are to
maintain backward compatibility, reduce the need for large numbers of
registrations, provide a more formal structure to allow parsing into
subtags even where software does not have the latest registrations,
provide stability in the face of potential instability in ISO 639,
3166, and 15924 codes, and allow for external extension mechanisms.
[Apropos of Localization:] "GDP by Language." By Mark Davis
(President, The Unicode Consortium; IBM Corporation). Unicode
Technical Note #13, Version 1 (first public version). 2003-01-22.
While English is a major language, it only accounts for around 30% of
the world Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and is likely to account for
less in the future. Neglecting other languages means ignoring quite
significant potential markets.
"Microsoft Seeks XML-Related Patents." By David Becker. From CNET (January 23, 2004) Microsoft applies for patents that could
prevent competing applications from reading documents created with the
latest version of Office. XML capabilities have been one of the main
selling points for Office 2003. The patents could create a barrier for
competing software, such as future versions of OpenOffice and
StarOffice, from working with Microsoft's XML format.
"Word-Processing Document Stored in a Single XML File." European
Patent Office. Patent Number: EP1376387. [Register] Publication Date:
2004-01-02. Date of filing: April 30, 2003. Inventor(s): Krueger
Anthony D (US); Jones Brian M (US); Bishop Andrew K (US); Little
Robert A (US); Sawicki Marcin (US); Snyder Daniel R (US) Applicant(S):
Microsoft Corp (US). "A word processor including a native XML file
format is provided. The well formed XML file fully represents the the
word-processor document, and fully supports 100% of the word-
processor's rich formatting. There are no feature losses when saving
the word-processor document as XML. A published XSD file defines all
the rules behind the word-processor's XML file format..."
"System and Method for Validating an XML Document and Reporting Schema
Violations." United States Patent Application #20040006744. Assignee:
Microsoft Corporation. Application publication date: January 8, 2004.
"Inventors: Jones, Brian M. (Redmond, WA); Sawicki, Marcin (Kirkland,
WA); Little, Robert A. (Redmond, WA)." Patent application filed: June
27, 2002. "A system and method for validating an extensible markup
language (XML) document and reporting schema violations in real time.
A parallel tree is maintained that includes nodes corresponding to
non-native XML elements of the XML document. When changes occur to the
XML document, the non-native XML elements corresponding to the changes
are marked..."
"Microsoft Justifies Its XML Patent Moves." By Mary Jo Foley. From
Microsoft Watch (January 23, 2004). Microsoft's Not-So-Secret Plot to
Overthrow XML? Microsoft is seeking to patent XML interoperability
technology around Word. The company claims it isn't seeking to derail
XML. And it denies that its patent moves contradict its decision last
fall to open up its XML schemas for Word, Excel and InfoPath. Is
Microsoft within its rights to seek protection for technology that
rides above the XML standard? Or is this just another example of
Microsoft seeking to monkey with standards?,4248,1458631,00.asp
"Globus Details Roadmap for Toolkit. Grid Computing Software to Gain
Performance, Reliability and Usability." By Joris Evers. In InfoWorld
(January 22, 2004). The Globus Alliance plans to release an updated
version of its Globus Toolkit for grid computing in March 2004, adding
performance, reliability and usability improvements and bug fixes. The
4.0 release of the GT will include support for draft WS-Resource
Framework (WSRF) specifications.
"WS-Resource Framework:Globus Alliance Perspectives." By Ian Foster
(Argonne National Laboratory / University of Chicago / Globus
Alliance). Presentation January 20, 2004 at GlobusWORLD 2004. See
especially slide #9, "From OGSI to WSRF:Refactoring and Evolution."
"... Despite enthusiasm for OGSI [Open Grid Services Infrastructure
(OGSI) Version 1.0], adoption within Web community turned out to be
problematic. The solution: WSRF partitions OGSI version 1.0
functionality into a family of composable specifications, tones down
the usage of XML Schema, and makes an explicit distinction between the
'service' and the stateful 'resources' acted upon by that service.
"Grid and Web Services to Converge." By Peter Abrahams (Bloor
Research). In IT-Analysis (January 23, 2004). Announcements were made
for new web services specifications necessary to make the grid
computer resources available to the applications without the
applications having to be grid aware. The two are the WS-Resource
Framework and the WS-Notification.
"HP, IBM and Akamai Bring Web Services to Grid Computing." By Jay
Lyman. From TechNewsWorld (January 21, 2004). In an effort to pair and
propel two emerging technologies, IBM, HP, Akamai, and other tech
companies have proposed new specifications to integrate grid computing
with Web services. Rob Batchelder, industry analyst and president of
IT consultancy Relevance, said the joining makes perfect sense.

Selected from the Press
Selected references for abstracted and annotated industry news at:

"CambridgeDocs Announces Linux Versions of Its xDoc Server Products
for XML Conversion and Publishing. Server Provides End to End Document
Transformation and Publishing Services Using XML for Unstructured
Content for Linux."

"Parasoft Releases SOAPtest 2.5 for Comprehensive Web Services
Testing. Web Services Testing Product Now Offers Security Features,
MIME Attachment Support and Enhanced Load Testing Features."

"Denmark Becomes First Country to Adopt OASIS Universal Business

"The OASIS Symposium on Reliable Infrastructures for XML OASIS Annual
General Meeting and Technical Committee Meetings to Follow April 26 -
29, 2004 in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA."

"OFX Consortium Releases OFX 2.0.2 XML Schema. Building OFX Clients
and Servers Now Easier and More Cost-Effective Than Ever."

"OASIS TC Call For Participation: XRI Data Interchange (XDI) Technical

"OGC Members Adopt Implementation Specification for Location Based

Selected references from the events calendar at:

Extreme Markup Languages 2004. August 2 - 6, 2004. Hotel Europa,
Montreal, Canada.

O'Reilly Open Source Convention (OSCON) 2004. "Opening the Future:
Discover, Develop, Deliver".  July 26 - 30, 2004.  Portland Marriott
Downtown, Portland, OR, USA.

2004 IEEE International Conference on Web Services (ICWS 2004).
"Convergence of Web Services, Grid Computing, e-Business, and
Autonomic Computing."  July 6 - 9, 2004.  Westin Horton Plaza Hotel,
San Diego, California, USA.

Workshop on XML-Based Richly Annotated Corpora.  LREC 2004 Post-
Conference Event.  May 29, 2004.  Lisbon, Portugal.

WWW2004. The Thirteenth International World Wide Web Conference. May
17-22, 2004.  New York Sheraton, New York, NY, USA.

OASIS Symposium on Reliable Infrastructures for XML.  April 26 - 29,
2004.  New Orleans Marriott, 555 Canal Street, New Orleans, LA, USA.

ODRL International Workshop 2004. April 21 - 23, 2004. Vienna
University of Economics and Business Administration, Vienna, Austria.

XML Europe 2004. "Documenting the Future."  April 18 - 21, 2004.
Amsterdam, Netherlands.

RIDE WS-ECEG 2004. 14th International Workshop on Research Issues on
Data Engineering. Web Services for E-Commerce and E-Government
Applications. March 28 - 29, 2004.  Omni Parker House Hotel, Boston,

The Gilbane Conference on Content Management.  March 24 - 26, 2004.
Los Angeles, CA, USA.

DATAX Workshop 2004.  International Workshop on Database Technologies
for Handling XML information on the Web.  March 14, 2004, Heraklion,
Crete, Greece.

AIIM 2004 Conference. March 8 - 10, 2004. Javits Convention Center,
New York, NY, USA.

Web Services Edge 2004 East International Conference & Expo.  February
24 - 26, 2004.  Hynes Convention Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Third Annual O'Reilly Emerging Technology Conference.  February
9 - 12, 2004. Westin Horton Plaza San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.

RSA Conference 2004. 13th Annual RSA Event.  February 23 - 27, 2004.
Moscone Center, San Francisco, CA, USA.

OMG Workshop on Deploying Service Oriented Architectures.  February
23 - 26, 2004.  San Jose, CA, USA.

EclipseCon 2004.  February 2 - 5, 2004.  Disneyland Hotel, Anaheim,

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Prepared by Robin Cover for The XML Cover Pages archive.