[Archive copy mirrored from: http://www.asis.org/Publications/JASIS/v48n0797.html]

Journal of the American Society for Information Science (JASIS)

Current Issue: Volume 48, Number 7 (July 1997)


In This Issue

    by Bert R. Boyce
    page 577

Special Topic Issue: Structured Information/Standards For Document Architectures


    by Elisabeth Logan and Marvin Pollard
    page 581

In Memoriam: A Tribute to Yuri Rubinsky, August 2, 1952---January 21, 1996

    by Stuart Weibel
    page 583

Why SGML? Why Now?

    by Yves Marcoux and Martin SÈvigny
    page 584

SGML and Related Standards: New Directions as the Second Decade Begins

    by James David Mason
    page 593

The ``ABCs'' of DSSSL

    by Sharon C. Adler
    page 597

Application of HyTime Hyperlinks and Finite Coordinate Spaces to Historical Writing, Analysis, and Presentation

    by W. Eliot Kimber and Julia A. Woods
    page 603

W[h]ither the Web? The Extension or Replacement of HTML

    by Peter Flynn
    page 614

The Text Encoding Initiative: Flexible and Extensible Document Encoding

    by David T. Barnard and Nancy M. Ide
    page 622

Extending SGML to Accommodate Database Functions: A Methodological Overview

    by Arijit Sengupta and Andrew Dillon
    page 629

All My Data Is in SGML. Now What?

    by Jon Fausey and Keith Shafer
    page 638

Towards a Methodology for Document Analysis

    by Airi Salminen, Katri Kauppinen, and Merja Lehtovaara
    page 644

SGML: The Reason Why and the First Published Hint

    by Charles F. Goldfarb
    page 656

Brief Communications

More Authors, More Institutions, and More Funding Sources: Hot Papers in Biology from 1991 to 1993
    by Zhang Haiqi
    page 662


Haiqi, using 16 issues of Science Watch from 1993 to 1995, identifies 71
highly cited ``hot'' biology papers. Several papers were excluded, some for
having too many authors. 153 papers were then selected from Nature, 139
from Cell, and 124 from Science. It seems likely that these papers were
those to be found in issues of these journals that contained at least one
of the previously selected ``hot papers.'' Papers with 22 or more authors
were apparently excluded from this set as well.
Authors, unique author affiliations, and funding sources were identified
and counted for each paper. None of the 27 ``hot'' papers in Nature had
less than 3 authors, and only one of the ``hot'' papers in both Cell and in
Science had less than 3 authors. In the whole Nature sample only 45 of 153
papers had less than 3 authors; 27 of 139 in Cell and 38 of 124 in Science
had less than 3 authors. The mean number of authors per ``hot'' paper is
6.54 in Nature, 6.62 in Cell, and 7.71 in Science. The mean numbers of
authors per paper in these journals were 4.34, 4.55, and 4.41,
respectively. The mean number of institutions per paper is 2.06 for
Science, 1.91 for Nature, and 1.62 for Cell. In Nature 59% of papers are
multi-institutional, 58% in Science, and 45% in Cell. At least two nations
shared authorship in 32% of papers published in Nature, 21% in Science, and
18% in Cell. The mean number of funding sources per paper is 3.78 for
Science, 3.43 for Cell, and 3.25 for Nature, and the mean number of funding
sources is higher for the ``hot'' papers. Big science as a cooperative
enterprise seems alive and well in Biology.

Qualitative Exploration of Learners' Information-Seeking Processes Using Perseus Hypermedia System
    by Shu Ching Yang
    page 667


Six subjects from different disciplines were interviewed by Yang after
they performed tasks on an interactive hypermedia database on Greek
history. The tasks involved writing interpretative essays on assigned
topics which could be approached by way of the system. The subjects were
asked to verbalize their thought process as they worked on the assignment,
were observed doing so, and subjected to a post-task interview about their
decision processes. The result is a model incorporating five activities and
a series of general statements about observed behaviors.

Book Reviews

The Art of Abstracting (2nd ed.), by Edward T. Cremmins
    by Carol A. Bean
    page 670

Ethics and Computing: Living Responsibly in a Computerized World, by Kevin W. Bowyer
    by Robert L. Battenfeld
    page 671

Last updated 6/20/97